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Nedeľa, 3. júla 2022
The Parts of Speech
Dátum pridania: 29.07.2003 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: Sea-dog
 
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 2 498
Referát vhodný pre: Stredná odborná škola Počet A4: 7.6
Priemerná známka: 2.94 Rýchle čítanie: 12m 40s
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They may be used intensively for emphasis.
Barry himself was not hurt.

RELATIVE PRONOUNS

who which whose
whom that

Relative pronouns are used to introduce subordinate clauses.
EXAMPLES:
The people who live there are on vacation.
The copy that I read was from the library.
Do you know that man whose car was stolen?

INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS

who which whose
whom what

Interrogative pronouns are used in questions.
EXAMPLES:
Who lives in that house now?
What was the name of the book?

DEMONSTRTIVE PRONOUNS

this these that those

Demonstrative pronouns are used to point out persons or things.
EXAMPLES:
That is the one.
This seems to be my lucky day.

MOST COMMONLY USED INDEFINITE PRONOUNS

all each most other
another either neither several
any everybody nobody some
anybody everyone none somebody
anyone few no one someone
both many one such

Pronouns that do not fall into classifications above are called indefinite pronouns. Most indefinite pronouns express the idea of quantity: all, few, none.

EXAMPLES:
All of us are here.
Few of the cars were new.

THE ADJECTIVE

An adjective is a word used to modify a noun or pronoun.

To modify means “to limit,” or to make more definite the meaning of a word. Adjectives may modify nouns or pronouns in any one of three different ways.

1. By telling what kind:
blue eyes, large city, strong wind
2. By pointing out which one:
this man, that suggestion
3. By telling how many:
several reasons, ten players

As the preceding examples show, the normal position of an adjective is directly before the word it modifies. Occasionally, for stylistic reasons, a writer may use adjectives after the word they modify.

EXAMPLE: The night, cold and foggy, drove us indoors.

A predicate adjective1 is separated from the word it modifies by a verb.

EXAMPLES: Stephen is capable.
He looks tall.
The food tasted good.
His hand felt cold.

The Same Word as Adjective and Pronoun

A word may be used as more then one part of speech. This is especially true of the words in the list bellow, which may be used both as pronouns and as adjectives.

all either one these
another few other this
any many several those
each neither that which

ADJECTIVE Which pen do you want? [Which modifies the noun pen.]
PRONOUN Which do you want? [Which takes the place of a noun previously mentioned.]
ADJECTIVE I like this picture. [This modifies the noun picture.]
PRONOUN I like this. [This takes the place of a noun previously mentioned.]

Nouns Used as Adjectives

Nouns are sometimes used as adjectives.
barn dance dog house
house paint table tennis

When you are identifying parts of speech and you encounter a noun used as an adjective, label it an adjective.

THE VERB

A verb is a word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement.

All verbs help to make a statement. Some help to make a statement by expressing action.
 
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