Comparison of the Definite Article and of the Indefinite Article
Determination of nouns in English language is realized by using “the definite article“ and “the indefinite article“.
In actual usage, nouns appear in noun phrases, and the kind of reference such a noun phrase has depends on the accompanying determiner. We distinguish three classes of determiners, set up on the basis of their position in the noun phrase in relation to each other:
Central determiners (eg: the, a, this)
Predeterminers (eg: half, all, double, as in all the people)
Postdeterminers (eg: seven, many, few, as in the many passengers)
The article as auxiliary word without proper poignant meaning serves for expression of the opposite of the general aspect (the indefinite article) and of the concrete aspect (the definite article). It is situated before noun, or before its attribute, eg: a little dog, the tower, and before attribute we do not use the article, eg: my life, this ribbon etc. The definite and indefinite articles are the commonest central determiners and their distribution is dependent upon the class of the accompanying noun. The table: The system of articles in English is summed up in the following figure:
Plural count and non-count
The indefinite article: articulates some person or object into some group of the same aspects, eg: a table, not a chair. It can be regarded as an unstressed numeral “one”: of one or two pounds = a pound or two. It also developed from the numeral “one“ /the same like german “ein”/, by reduction from full pronunciation to unstressed “an” /fn/, / n/: Eg: an apple / n pl/, an even number /fn i:vn nambf/, a school /f sku:l/, a big tree /f big tri:/.
We do not use the indefinite article in plural:
Sing: a sincere word Pl: sincere words
a lovely child lovely children
Sometimes we translate the indefinite article into Slovak language by words: jeden,
akýsi, nejaký, bud mostly we do not translate it.
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Articles - Morphology
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Zdroje: Sidney Greenbaum, Randolph Quirk – A Student`s Grammar of the English Language,, Miroslav Bázlik, Martin Votruba – Porovnávacia Gramatika Anglického a Slovenského Jazyka,, Mária Podhájecká – Gramatika Angličtiny, Michael Swan – Practical English Usage, Raymond Murphy – English Grammar in Use