Stylistics means – saying the right thing in the most effective way!
Stylistics refers to the manner of expressions in writing and speaking. There is different style in different situation. Style can be seen as variation in language use, whether literary or non-literary. What makes style distinctive is the choice of words and their distribution and patterning. General rules of good writing are the following: be plain, be direct, use no more words than necessary, use active voice rather than passive voice where there is a choice. A message is clear and simple if it is well adapted to the reading audience and if it is understood when first read. We should use short simple sentences where every word counts. Stylistic analysis in linguistics refers to the identification of patterns of usage in speech and writing. Stylistic analysis in literary studies is usually made for the purpose of commenting on quality and meaning in a text. Stylistic analysis is a normal part of literary studies. It is practiced as a part of understanding the possible meanings in a text. It is also generally assumed that the process of analysis will reveal the good qualities of the writing. Stylistic analysis can be applied to a variety of subjects as follows:
I. Characteristics of Styles
Forms and Functions: legal documents (court records, pledging, adjudication), business/commercial documents (order, invoice, application, memorandum, business letter), military documents (directives, instructions), language of diplomacy (pacts, treaties).
Characteristic features: conventionality of language – clichés, terms, abbreviations, symbols, set expressions and words of foreign origin, passive voice; clarity – clarity of thought and simplicity of expression, logical, primary dictionary meaning of words; objectivity – avoid expressive and emotionally marked words, personal attitudes and evaluations, the speaker is presented in first p.sg. /almost anonymous/ and the addressee is impersonal, addressed in the second p.pl.; form – set compositional design – layout, formal letters, forms
Style in business correspondence, like language itself, is not a static entity. It has changed over the years to meet the varying needs of its users, and it continues to do so.
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