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His final work with fictional form, Finnegans Wake, is a dream sequence with complex multiple levels of symbolism. D.H.Lawrence (1882-1941) saw sexual desires and fantasies as integral parts of consciousness. His first important novel was Sons and Lovers (1913). It is an autobiographical book, it reflects his own close relationship with his mother and his alienation from his father. After this, he created an intense and heavily symbolic prose. In the novel Lady Chetterley’s Lover (1928) became Lawrence notorious and the book was banned till 1959.
George Orwell (1903-1950) was an important prosaist, essayist and journalist. His famous books are the political allegories of Stalinism, Animal Farm(1945) and the anti-utopian Nineteen-Eighty -Four (1949), in which he describes England under a dictatorship of mechanized bureaucracy. Animal Farm is a modern fable. Orwell satirizes the events of the Russian revolution and the subsequent rise to power of the communist dictatorship. His revolutionary doctrine “All animals are equal, but some are more equal than others” is known all over the world.
Archibald Joseph Cronin (1896-1983) wrote novels and short stories in the tradition of English critical realism. The Citadel (1934), a novel about the life of an ambitious doctor in a coal-mining area in Scotland.
Agatha Christie (1891-1976) called “The Queen of the Detective Story” wrote excellent detective stories. She wrote the famous detective play The Mousetrap(1952) and it is still running today. POETRY IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 20TH CENTURY
In the beginning so called “Georgian Poets” dominated the English literary scene. Such as A.E. Housman, W.H. Davies, J. Masefield, W. Owen or R. Graves.
Rupert Brooke (1887-1915) was a naval officer who died in the war. The most famous of his five war sonnets written in 1914, The Soldier, seemed to express the whole nation’s determination and patriotic idealism in the war.
Dylan Thomas (1914-1953) was the greatest poet of the forties. He devoted his entire life to poetry. Thomas wrote about one hundred poems, published in Eighteen Poems (1934), Twenty-five poems (1936), Death and Entrances(1946) and Collected Poems (1952). He also wrote essays and short stories. In 1953 he wrote a film script The Doctor and the Devil.
PROSE AFTER WORLD WAR II
The social and cultural conditions in English society have radically changed after the war. In the 1950s, the generation of young authors appeared on the English literary scene. These writers were later labeled “Angry Young Men”.
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