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Nedeľa, 26. júna 2022
Some Elements of Structuralism and its Application to Literary Theory
Dátum pridania: 25.05.2004 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: stepik
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 3 193
Referát vhodný pre: Stredná odborná škola Počet A4: 10.7
Priemerná známka: 2.95 Rýchle čítanie: 17m 50s
Pomalé čítanie: 26m 45s

Genre is another convention: each genre designates certain kinds of action as acceptable and excludes others. d. There is what might be called the natural attitude to the artificial, where the text explicitly cites and exposes vraisemblance of the kind directly above, so as to reinforce its own authority. The narrator may claim that he is intentionally violating the conventions of a story, for instance, that he knows that this is not the way it should be done according to the conventions, but that the way he is doing it serves some higher or more substantial purpose -- the appeal is to a greater naturalness or a higher intelligibility. e. There is the complex vraisemblance of specific intertextualities. "When a text cites or parodies the conventions of a genre one interprets it by moving to another level of interpretation where both terms of the opposition can be held together by the theme of literature itself." -- e.g. parody, when one exploits the particular conventions of a work or style or genre, etc. Irony forces us to posit an alternate possibility or reality in the face of the reality-construction of the text. All surface incongruities register meaning at a level of the project of interpretation itself, and so comment as it were on the relation between 'textual' and 'interpretive' reality. In short, to imitate reality is to represent codes which 'describe' (or, construct) reality according to the conventions of representation of the time. 3. The conventions of reading. We read according to certain conventions; consequently our reading creates the meaning of that which we read. These conventions come in two 'layers':
a. how we (culturally) think that reality is or should be represented in texts, which will include the general mimetic conventions of the art of the period, which will describe the way in which reality is apprehended or imagined, and
b. the conventions of 'literature' (and of 'art' generally), for instance,
a. the rule of significance whereby we raise the meaning of the text to its highest level of generalizability (a tree blasted by lightning might become a figure of the power of nature, or of God);
b. the convention of figural coherence, through which we assume that figures (metonyms, metaphors, 'symbols') will have a signifying relationship to one another on a level of meaning more complex than or 'higher' than the physical;
c. the convention of thematic unity, whereby we assume that all of the elements of the text contribute to the meaning of the text. These are all conventions of reading.
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