London is the capital city of the United Kingdom. Its population is about 10 million. It is situated on the river Thames in south-east England.London is one of the largest ports and it has oldest underground in the world. Of the three London airports (Heathrow, Gatwick, Stanstead), Heathrow is the largest in Europe.
Buckingham Palace is the residence of the British Queen. The Houses of Parliament are the residence of MPs. Downing Street 10 is the official home of British Prime Ministers since 1731.
The gothis Westminister Cathedral and the baroque St. Paul's Cathedral are the most famous churches in London.
TheTower Bridge is one of the most famous symbols of London. It can open in the middle and let large ships go though. Other well-known bridges are Waterloo-Bridge and Wesminister Bridge. The clock tower with the massive bell called Big Ben is a part of the Parliament's architecture. The Post Office Tower is the highest building in Great Britain. It is a museum now. The Crown Jewels are kept here. The British Museum is the largest museum in the world. The National Gallery is Trafalgar Square houses paintings by nearly all great European artists of the past and a large collection of British paintings and sculptures.
London is the centre of Britain's theatre and musical life. Among theatres the most important are the National Theatre, the Royal Shakespeare Company, the Old Vice.
Piccadilly Circus, Regent Street and Oxford Street are the most famous shopping centres in London.
There are many parks in London, St. Jame's Park, Regent's Park. The largest of them is Hyde Park. It is also known for Speaker's Corner.
You can make day trips to various places: Oxford and Cambridge, Windsor Castle, Eton Public School, Brighton. The Trafalgar Square is very popular place for demonstrations and meetings.
Greenwich is the seat of the National Maritime Museum where the Royal Observatory is situated. The parts of London are: the City (the oldest), the West End, the East End.