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Streda, 19. januára 2022
London: historical monuments
Dátum pridania: 12.11.2004 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: gola2
 
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 4 366
Referát vhodný pre: Gymnázium Počet A4: 13.5
Priemerná známka: 2.94 Rýchle čítanie: 22m 30s
Pomalé čítanie: 33m 45s
 
MADAME TUSSAUD´S: Madame Tussaud´s is one of the best known tourist attraction in London, the most famous waxworks in the world. At the first it was opened in 1835 by madame Tussaud. She made waxworks of famous people during the French Revolution.
The museum is devided into sections. One of them is devoted to prominent characters from British history. Another is full of the stars like Elvis Presley, Beatles, Michael Jackson. The number of rooms are devoted to world leaders from Royal Family. In the other there are model of various wellknown murderers – such as jacj the Rippers – the legendary multiplate killer. This is the best – known wax exhibition in the world. It consists of 6 areas: the Tableaux, the conservatory, superstars, the Grand Hall, the chamber of Horrors and the battle of Trafalgar.

Her name was Marie Grosholtz in 1761 in France. Later she inherited the wax exhibition after the family´s friend Dr. Curtis. In 1802 she moved to England. In 1835 she decided to settle the exhibition in London at the bazaar on Baker Street. Madam Tussaud died at the age of 89.

NATIONAL THEATRE: National theatre is new building with 3 stages for performances on 3 floors. Ample space for refreshment. Shelves full of literature on the subject of the theatre. From a building we can enjoy a fantastic view of London, on the side Westminster, St. Paul´s catedral and the River.
In Britain are 200 profesional theatre. Center of theatrical activity is London because there are about 30 theatres.

RIVER THAMES: In 43 AD Roman army built bridge across the Thames. This was the beggining of the City of London. First docks were built in 17th century.
Land nearby grew into a key port with a trade. This trade booming kept until the time of Wiliam Conqueror in 1066. In the next 500 years was London a great industry port (expored: wool, catle, herrings,... and imported: wines from France, furs,...).

People who work in trade formed guilds (group of people with some interests or work they join together to help one another).
Bridge over the Thames: Vauxhall Bridge, Lambeth Bridge (Houses of Parliament, Big Ben), Waterloo Bridge, Blackfriars Bridge, Tower Bridge, ...
In Victorien times was Thames every wasted (fishs died and terrible smell), but since 1950´s is much less polluted.
Near Waterllo Bridge is Royal Festival Hall, whih is modern building. Near The River are Queen Elizabeth Hall, National Theatre, etc. From Blackfriars Bridge we can see the dome of St. Paul´s.

People, who work on the bridge eat, sleep and many other there.
In 43 AD the Roman army marched through the marches and they built first bridge. Through a port is make a trade with the continent.
Chelsea Bridge is the Royal Hospital. Vane Hall Bridge was in 17. century beautiful gardens and now there are offices.

LONDON DOCKLAND´S: far almost two centuries, up till the 1960´s, London was one of Britain´s main port. But when the docks closed, the whole area went into a steep decline. In the 1980s the London Dockland Development Corporation was set up to try to stop this and the whole area under went massive redevelopment.
The Dockland s used to be a strongly working-class area. Now they are full of the offices of national and international firms and housing for the wealthy, who are attracted by the closeness of the area to the city centre and its transport link, which include a modern light railway and even a brand new airport right in the middle of the city.
The old Tobaco Dock and St. Katherine´s Dock are now malls with shops and restaurants.
The futuristic Thames Barrier can be found here, as can the Millenium Dome, a huge editice being built to celebrate the year 2000. It is opposite the Isle of Dogs, named so, because Henry VIII kept his hunting pack there. Canary Wharf is now the home of the tallest building in the United Kingdom, a tower over 250m high. Docklands represens the meeting of the past, the present and the future.

WHITEHALL: Whitehall is a London street in which there are many government offices. It runs from Trafalgar square to Parliament square. The name comes from White Hall Palace. In 1698 fire destroyed the Palace. Horse Guards in Whitehall are famous and popular. Many people come to see Changing of the Guards which takes place at 11 a. m. om weekdys and at 10 a. m. on Sundays. The Household Bridge is compoed of 2 regiments of Household cavlry, the Life Guards and they Royal Horse Guards and the 5 regiments of Foot Guards.
Whitehall is a street with government offices, which starts at the statue of Charles I. Whitehall is the residence of the archbishops of York. Whitehall was used by the Staurts and Cromwell. In 1961 was destroyed by fire. Before Whitehall are Horse Guards.
 
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