The town Bardejov is listed in UNESCO the World Heritage List. It is old rich trade town that belonged to the biggest ones in Slovakia territory in the 15th century. Besides historical buildings such as St. Egidium gothic church from 1448, renaissance town hall and many others there are spa with thermal water. In spa area there is natural museum of folk architecture situated.
Slovakia`s traditional folk architecture and everyday life and customs can be seen in a series of museums (skanzens) located in individual regions. The skanzens in Javorníky near Martin, in Zverovka, and in Pribylina are very well preserved.
The many castles and chateaux in Slovakia underline just how long this region has been settled and how important its geographical position has always been. The most interesting castles are the castles in Devín, Bratislava, Spišský hrad and Zvolenský hrad.
Spišský hrad is the largest castle in Slovakia. It was founded in 1209, wrecked by the Tatars in the 13th century and reconstructed in the 15th century. Although the castle burnt down in 1780, the ruins and the site are spectacular.
Among the rare buildings that Slovakia has are its characteristic priceless wooden churches and chapels. The architecture of these wooden Orthodox, Catholic and Evangelical churches blends naturally into the character of the countryside. Some of them were built without any metal joints.
When one looks at the map of Europe, Slovakia`s advantageous position is clear at first glance. It is a natural crossroads leading from West to East and from North to South. Slovakia is readily accessible, and the West European motorway system streches from Austria to Bratislava. The motorway link between Bratislava and Prague is also valuable. Bratislava, Vienna and Budapest are suitable points of entry by plane. Slovakia`s position makes it an ideal destination in an itinerary that includes its neighbours, and a visit to Slovakia can thus become an execellent way of getting to known the whole region of Central Europe.
Bratislava, the capital of the Slovak Republic stands on the edge of the foothills of the Small Carpathians and the Danubian and Záhorie Plains. It has a population of half a million people. It lies in the middle of Europe on both banks of the river Danube. It borders on Hungary in the south and on Austria in the west. At present it has all the attributes of a modern city. Bratislava is the seat of the President, Government, and diplomatic corps. It is important for its political, economic, cultural, humanitarian and social organizations.
The city called Pressburg, Pozsony or Prespork in the past was affiliated to Czechoslovakia in January 1919. It has been the capital of independent Slovak Republic since 1st January 1993.
Bratislava has a rich history. This cliff overlooking the Danube has long been a major European crossroad, and it has been successively by all the ethnic groups that have lived in the area since the Stone Age. The citadel of the Old Slavs on the hill where Bratislava Castle stands and on the headland above the confluence of the Morava and the Danube became the centre of the Great Moravian Empire. After the collapse of the Great Moravian Empire in the 10th century, the citadel in Bratislava was replaced by a royal castle, and Devin Castle became a border fortress for the newly emerged Hungarian state. In 1809 the Castle Devin was destroyed during the Napoleonic wars. After the renovation of the remains the castle is now a national cultural monument, open for public.
Bratislava Castle is the dominant feature of the city. The first written document about Bratislava is from 907 AD and it is connected with the Castle. After the reconstruction between 1953-1968 the castle became the ceremonial seat of the President and Slovak National Museum.
St. Martin`s Cathedral was built in Gothic style. 11 kings and 8 queens were crowned in this cathedral.
Academia Istropolitana was the first university on the territory of Slovakia, founded by the Hungarian king Mathias Corvinus in 1465.
Chemical, engineering, consumer, glass, food and electrical enterprises are all represented in Bratislava. It is also the country`s banking, insurance and finance center.
Thanks to unique architectural, historical, cultural and natural attractions, Bratislava is the city of art and tourism. There are many hotels here to serve the tourists. Restaurants besides offering Slovak specialities can cater to international palates with a fine choice of Italian, Asian, Balkan or Jewish cuisine.
A very strong enticement is historical Old Town with its lovely streets and well-known Korzo. The friendly city charm is closely connected with its cultural and artistic tradition as well as with some famous names such as Mozart, Haydn, Rubinstein, Liszt, Warchal, Dvorsky and many others.
Ďaľšie referáty z kategórie
Itinerary of a visit to Bratislava or Slovakia
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