– Všetko čo študent potrebuje
Pondelok, 15. apríla 2024
Dátum pridania: 05.04.2005 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: bUdZiNkA
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 1 166
Referát vhodný pre: Gymnázium Počet A4: 3.5
Priemerná známka: 2.94 Rýchle čítanie: 5m 50s
Pomalé čítanie: 8m 45s
Nirvana came into being in the year 1989 in the USA, Seattle. The group used to play style of music called grunge. If you can’t imagine, what does “grunge” mean, let me explain it to you: it is something like hardcore with instrumental aggressive and in the lyrics you can feel apprehension. That’s what NIRVANA used to be. But they weren’t first, who played this style- also groups like Alice in chains, Pearl jam or Led Zeppelin played grunge. And how did this guys meet?

Kurt Cobain met Krist Novoselic in the year 1985. Both of them were listening groups like Sex Pistols, Black Sabbath or Led Zeppelin, so there were no doubt about their new group. In the same year they founded together FECAL MATTER, the predecessor to Nirvana. But this group didn’t exist a long time- in the year 1986 Kurt Donald Cobain (vocals), Krist Anthony Novoselic (bass guitar) and Chad Channing (drums) founded Nirvana, the multiplatinum grunge band that redefined the sound of the nineties. By 1988 Nirvana were playing shows and had demo tapes going around. An important person in Nirvana’s history was Bruce Pavitt- he founded Sub-Pop (recording studio) where Nirvana recorded their first album BLEACH- this was in the year 1989. They recorded it in three days and they got 600 dollars. Their song DOWNER was characteristic for the whole album.

In the year 1990 Channing decided to leave Nirvana and on 25th September 1990 David Eric Grohl joined the group as a new drummer. They signed a contract by DGC, but they were still recording in Sub-Pop- it was here, where their most famous album NEVERMIND in the year 1991 was recorded. Nevermind went on to sell ten million copies and make a reported million (US) leaving Nirvana overnight millionaires. Cobain was shocked at the reception of his highly personal and passionate music repeatedly telling reporters that none of the band ever, ever expected anything like this. On 17th April they first played their most famous song SMELLS LIKE TEEN SPIRIT that is named after a man’s perfume.Cobain fell into heroin in the early 90’s; he said he used it as a shield against the rigorous demands of touring and to stop the pain of stomach ulcers or an irritated bowel.

On 24th February 1992 he fly to Hawaii to marry the already pregnant Courtney Love (she was also singing in a group- HOLE). Later in the same year Nirvana’s third album INCESTICIDE was recorded. Later after that Kurt had hospital treatment for heroin abuse. On 18th August 1992 their daughter Frances Bean Cobain was born. In early 1993 was recorded their album IN UTERO and it took only two weeks, but this album was very open- f.e. Song All Apologies and Heart Shaped Box detailed aspects of Cobain's sometimes-shaky marriage. In the end of the year 1993 they recorded another album called MTV UNPLUGGED IN NEW YORK, where you can listen another great hit “Where did you sleep last night?”. Some people though that this would be their last CD, because the group was going to split up..

On March the 4th Cobain was rushed to hospital in a coma. He woke up after one day, but on the 5th of April Kurt Cobain went into the small room above his garage in his Seattle home and ended it all. Cobain's body was found when an electrician visiting the house to install a security system was walking around outside when no one answered the front door and peered through windows. He thought he saw a mannequin sprawled on the floor until he noticed a splotch of blood by Cobain's ear. When police arrived on the scene they found Cobain with a shotgun still pointed at his chin and on a nearby counter a suicide note written in red ink addressed to Love and the couples then 19 month old daughter Frances Bean.
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