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|Referát vhodný pre:||Stredná odborná škola||Počet A4:||2.5|
|Priemerná známka:||2.93||Rýchle čítanie:||4m 10s|
|Pomalé čítanie:||6m 15s|
Slovak people are said to be nice and friendly, most of them hardworking people.
The Slavs came to the territory of Slovakia in the 5th century AD. The first state was called Samo’s kingdom in the 7th century. In the 9th century Great Moravia Empire came to existence. Its centre was in Nitra. It is connected with spreading of christianity. Brothers Cyril and Methodius from Solonica in Greece came to our territory for Christian mission in 864. They invented a new type of alphabet – Glagolitic and translated religious texts into Slavonic. The Gerat Moravia gained its greatest prosperity under the reign of Svapopluk. After his death the kingdom was gradualy weakened and finally destructed. At the beginning of the 11th Slovakia became the part of the Hungarian monarchy. After the battle of Mohacs in 1526 when Turks defeated Hungarian Army Bratislava became its capital and dynasty of Habsburgs got the throne. In the 18th century the national consciousness of nations in Austro-Hunagarian Monarchy started to grow up. This movement led to the codification of Slovak language in 1843 by L. Stur and his fellows. 1848 was a revolutionary year full of battles in which also Slovaks took aprt to get more civil rights. But the result was only strong national oppresion from ruling Hunagarian administration. After the WWI on the 28th October 1918 the Austro-hungarian Monarchy broke down and Czechoslovak Republic was formed with the first president Tomas Garyque Masaryk. It was a democratic and prosperous state with developed industry. After the Munich dictate CSR was split and Slovak fascisist state with president Jozef Tiso was created. But thanks to the Slovak National Uprising (29.8.1944) our position has changed to winners. After the WWII CSR has been renewed but under the communist dictatorship. In 1968 CSSR was changed into a federal state state and new process of democratization (known as Prague Spring) led by A. Dubcek was stopped by invasion of the Warsaw Pact troops in August. The year of normalization followed. In November 1989 so called Velvet Revolution changed almost everything. The new Slovak republic was estabilished on 1st of January 1993 and Michal Kovac was appointed its first president. .