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Nedeľa, 15. septembra 2019
English syntax
Dátum pridania: 26.01.2006 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: bahrom
 
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 4 616
Referát vhodný pre: Vysoká škola Počet A4: 14.3
Priemerná známka: 2.96 Rýchle čítanie: 23m 50s
Pomalé čítanie: 35m 45s
 
These verbs such as admit, anounce, declay, deliver, demonstrate, describe, explain, introduce, mention, propose, prove, repeat, report, return, say, suggest must take a direct object which can be followed by a prepositional object introduced by to
Eg.He anounced his attention to me.
It is also possible to use IO followed by DO when the OD is too long, usually expressed by one clause.
Eg.He explained sth to me. He explained to me what his intention was.
Many ditransitive verbs take other preposition than to or for: accuse sb of sth, advice sb about sth, compare sth with, sentence sb for, suspect sb of sth, thank sb for sth.
Eg. They accused him of the theft.
Ditransitive verbs can therefor take two passive construction with either DO which becomes subject or IO.
/He sent me a long letter.I was sent a long letter.A long letter was sent to me./

4)SUBJECT + VERB + COMPLEMENT
Verbs are copular, link, intensive followed by subject complement. We call them link because we use them to lik what the subject is. SUBJECT COMPLEMENT characterise the subject. Most common verb is to be, to go mad, bad, grow rich, grow dark, go red, turn cold, turn yellow..
All these verbs of becoming are related to coplements. SC normally cannot be an adverb, but there are some exceptions with the verb feel /He feels well- wealthy./, with some adverbs /the performance is over./
And after certain copular verbs such as: appear, feel, look, seem, sound, both BE and AM prefer an infinitive constructions with the verb to be rather than simply a non phrase.
Eg. It appears an only situation. It appears to be the only situation.

5)SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT + COMPLEMENT
/They appointed him Ministre of Foreign Affaires./
The verbs are complex transitive that require an object and object complement: appoint, call, consider, crown, declare, drive mad, elect, find, get, keep, leave, make, name, prefer, pronounce, prove, think, want sth done.
Eg. He called her an angel. We consider situation alarming. I declare the meeting open. He had his car repaired. She made her husband happy. He kept the garden beautiful.
Some complex transitive verbs are followed by prepositions. Mainly most of them as /threat as/ and for /they took me for a fool/
There are also verbs which form verb-adjective collocations
/boil an egg hard- variť vajcia na tvrdo, freeze sth hard- veľmi zmraziť, open sth vide, push sth open, set sb free/

6)SUBJECT + VERB + ADVERBIAL
Except for clause type SVA and SVOA, adverbial is optional clause. Because the adverbials in grammarians call them complements. Some of the verbs: copular to be, come, get, go, lie, leave, stay somewhere, remain somewhere.
Adverbial usually refers to position or direction, especially of place and other of time, manner, duration.
Eg. Peter stayed in kitchen. All ways lead to Rome. The course lasted three weeks.
 
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