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Sobota, 8. augusta 2020
Narrative and Compositional Techniques in Mark Twain´s Novel The Adventures Huckleberry Finn
Dátum pridania: 27.06.2006 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: bobbyboy
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 1 676
Referát vhodný pre: Iné (napr. kurzy) Počet A4: 5.2
Priemerná známka: 2.94 Rýchle čítanie: 8m 40s
Pomalé čítanie: 13m 0s
For instance, in an article Starting over in Huckleberry Finn Douglas Anderson presents an idea that the author, Mark Twain, was not sure about writing the story. He says: “Twain himself does not always seem to share Huck's interpretive confidence. His recursive pattern of narration suggests at least some degree of authorial uncertainty, expressed as a succession of false starts and dead ends that, at times, appears to signal an essential bewilderment about how to proceed. The composition history of Huckleberry Finn is consistent with the working out of just such a struggle, but Twains apparent hesitation about completing the book may spring from tactical rather than creative dilemmas. The fundamental problem of what to write troubled him less than the question of how explicit he might be in writing it.” (Anderson 147-148)He continues in developing his ideas even further and comes to the conclusion that it is not clear what caused these disturbances in Twain’s writing. Anderson suggests that: “These patterns of telling and of retelling, of moving forward while doubling back, echo Twain's strangely episodic engagement with Huck's story. Over and over, he sat down at his desk to recommence this particular old thing. As a result, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn may well be the most famous of all "blocked" novels. It is never entirely clear, however, who or what was responsible for the blocking.

Twain completed the book in three, intense creative bursts, between July 1876 and September 1883.” (Anderson 149).The idea of unconscious repetition supports also Frank Baldanza, who comes to the conclusion that through use of such devices Twain “suggests the kind of rhythm that passes through the novel” (Baldanza 354). He goes further and tries to discover what effect can this style of writing have on a reader. He claim that “it remains to indicate that just as such repetitions were conceived unconsciously or accidentally on the author’s part, so their influence on the reader may be largely without his conscious attention…”(Baldanza 354).Huckleberry Finn possesses in this novel not only the status of the maim protagonist but he is also the narrator of the story. The whole plot is described through Finn’s mouth. The reader may even have an impression that it is an autobiography from Finn’s own pen. This impression has its root mainly from the beginning and the end of the novel. Huckleberry Finn introduces himself through the previous novel The Adventures of Tom Sawyer and mentions Mark Twain as the author of it. “You don’t know about me, without you haveread a book by the name of The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, but that ain’t no matter.

That book was made by mark Twain, and he told the truth, mainly.” (Twain 11)A similar example can be found in the last paragraph of the novel where Finn, as the author of this book finishes the story: “Tom’s most well, now, and got his bullet around his neck on a watch-guard for a watch, and is always seeing what time it is, and so there ain’t nothing more to write about, and I am rotten glad of it, because if I’d a knowed what trouble it was to make a book I wouldn’t a tackled it and ain’t agoing to no more.” (Twain 281) Another point of view about this piece of writing is from the point of view of a literary genre. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is in American literature known under the term a tall tale. Based on Prochazka’s definition of the tall tale it is based on tall talk, which is: “the yarn form which tall tale is woven, a folk genre of the frontier anecdote characterized by hyperboles or violent understatement (which often takes the form of black humor). It blurs the distinction between the fictitious and the real: the realistic features only enhance the absurd and grotesque effect. (Procházka et al. 107-108).”

In this novel, there are dozens of examples that clearly prove that the character of tom Sawyer was created just in order to serve the author as an instrument, which he used for this purpose. Tom’s opinions and instructions to make even from a simple things one of the most difficult one, serve as an anecdotal aspect which the reader may meet throughout the whole story.Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn became the first modern American epic. Twain’ intentions of writing this novel were mainly to present a book that would lead the reader through the Mississippi valley where the Mississippi River plays a role itself. But all the features that this work posses reveal that The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a novel that goes far beyond the Mississippi region and thus brings a portrait of a never-ending fight for freedom to readers all around the world.
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