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Pondelok, 18. novembra 2019
Differences between American and British English
Dátum pridania: 14.01.2008 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: vladodaniel
 
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 479
Referát vhodný pre: Vysoká škola Počet A4: 1.7
Priemerná známka: 2.97 Rýchle čítanie: 2m 50s
Pomalé čítanie: 4m 15s
 
American English (AmE) is the form of English used in the United States.
British English (BrE) is the form of English used in the United Kingdom and the rest of the British Isles. It includes all English dialects used within the British Isles.


Historical Background

The English language was first introduced to the Americas by British colonization, beginning in the late 16th century. Differences between the two include pronunciation, grammar, lexis, spelling, punctuation, idioms, formatting of dates and numbers, and so
on.


Differences in pronunciation :

Stress

1)French stress

For many loanwords from French where AmE has final-syllable stress, BrE stresses an earlier syllable. Such words include:

  • BrE first-syllable stress: adult, ballet, bidet, brochure, Bernard
  • BrE second-syllable stress: attaché
A few French words have other stress differences:
  • AmE first-syllable, BrE last-syllable: cigarette, magazine
  • AmE first-syllable, BrE second-syllable: exposé
  • AmE second-syllable, BrE last-syllable: New Orleans
-ate

Most 2-syllable verbs ending -ate have first-syllable stress in AmE and second-syllable stress in BrE : rotate, translate, vibrate.



2)Miscellaneous stress


BrE


AmE


words with relevant
syllable stressed in each dialect



1st


2nd


cannot, casein, Kathleen


2nd


1st


defense (sport), guru,
mama, papa, Augustine


1st


3rd


partisan, carburet(t)or


3rd


1st


Margarine


2nd


3rd


Advertisement


3rd


2nd


Oregano

 
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