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Nedeľa, 19. mája 2024
Man and society
Dátum pridania: 12.02.2007 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: zanka18
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 1 167
Referát vhodný pre: Gymnázium Počet A4: 3.5
Priemerná známka: 2.97 Rýchle čítanie: 5m 50s
Pomalé čítanie: 8m 45s
ETHICS is the study of morals. It is also called morality or moral law because it is about what is right and what is not, and how we decide what to do. Everybody have the right to life, the right to freedom from injury and the right to privacy. People must avoid from (to refrain) rape, murder, slander, stealing, assault, fraud.

ETIQUETTE is the formal rules of correct or polite behaviour in society or among members of a particular profession.

There are certain rules how to be polite greeting each other. For example:
• younger people greet the older first
• man greets woman first
• children always greet adults first
In North America there is no set of rules who greets who first.

There are some special conventions for how to behave in certain places. For example:
• Women covering their heads or shoulders when entering a church.
• Men talking off hat a church.
• Women wearing knee - length skirts for business and diplomacy.
• Women wear hats and gloves when they meet with the Pope and the Queen.

There are certain everyday manners at home. I appreciate in my family my parents and their behaviour at home, in company, in public and everyday they are my example. My parents have talked my:
• You must always clean up after yourself.
• You must always say” please” and” thank you”. It shows respect.
• You should say” hi” and” hallo” to other children.
• You should always greet someone when they come over to your house.
• You shouldn’t interrupt other people when they are speaking.
• You shouldn’t call somebody a name because name calling hurts.

There are different styles if dining. (The European style is where you keep the knife in your right hand and eat with your fork in the left.) For example:
• The table must be decorated.
• On the table must be clean and spotless tablecloth.
• On the table there must be a knife, a spoon, a fork and glasses.
• On the table there mustn’t be a newspaper, a magazine, a book …
• You don’t gobble.
• You don’t smoke.
• You shouldn’t put your elbows on the table.
• You shouldn’t speak during the eating.
• You shouldn’t tuck your napkin into your collar.
• You shouldn’t eat with your fingers.
• You shouldn’t talk with your mouth full (of food).
• You shouldn’t pick your teeth with your fingers.
• You shouldn’t put your knife into your mouth.
• You should eat smaller quantity of food.
• You should use a napkin.

• You plan to arrive thirty minutes early.
• You don’t speak, sing, whisper … during the performance.
• You don’t put (keep) your feet on the seat in front of you.
• You don’t use cameras, videotape, call phones, pagers, alarms … during the performance.
• You don’t eat or drink during the performance.
• You don’t use the restroom during the performance. (You must use the restroom during the intermission.)
• You must wear formal clothes- evening clothes.
• a ballet, a musical, a drama, a tragedy, a comedy, a cabaret, a play, a pantomime

• You can eat and drink (for example: popcorn, coca-cola …).
• You can wear jeans, jumpers, T-shirts, shorts, dress, skirts …
• a fairy tale, a black and white film, a documentary film, a comedy, a film for children, a cartoon, a colour film, a detective film, an adventure film, a grotesque, a horror, a puppet film, a psychological drama, a science fiction film …

British society is considered to be divided into three main groups: the upper class, the middle class, and the lower working class. This is known as the class system. Many people don’t like this class system. Most people know which class they belong to and are able to recognize others by the way they speak, their clothes, their interests and even the type of food they eat.

Upper class people own several homes. These people studied at Eton or other public schools. They work as judges, stockbrokers or company directors. They eat caviar, smoked salmon and drink champagne. They spend their free time going to opera or ballet. They like playing polo and sports involving horses. They support the Conservative Party and they spend their holidays in Orient countries, the Caribbean islands or go cruising.

Middle class people live in semi-detached or detached houses. They studied at grammar-school and at universities (Oxford, Cambridge). They work as teachers, bank managers or doctors. They eat health food like wholemeal bread or foreign food like avocado, pasta. They like skiing, sailing, playing tennis, cricket and golf. They spend their holidays in France or Tuscany.

Working class people live in council houses. They finish comprehensive schools and technical collage. They work as shop assistants, miners or factory workers. They eat fish and chips, bangers and mash, Chinese and Indian food. They like playing football, darts, or bingo and snooker. They spend their free time watching soap operas or drinking in pubs and usually vote for Labourists or Conservatives. They take package holidays.

Wealth doesn’t mean that you belong to the upper-class society because social class is not only about money, but also about behaviour and attitudes.
Society takes care of its members. Many countries support the idea of government money paid to people who are unemployed.

Everyone must know what their rights and duties are. Everyone who lives in a society must keep the rules of the society. Every society has it own moral rules of behaviour. Society has a right to expect people to obey the law.  If anybody doesn’t and they are a danger to society, they can be locked up. No man is born as a criminal. His environment makes him what he is. A criminal must pay for his crime. The price he has to pay depends on the seriousness of the crime. A person should be punished very severely for a serious crime, but less severely for a lesser crime. He can be put in a jail (prison) for a small crime, but for murder, he should pay with his life. Some people are demanding the return of capital punishment for murder. I don’t agree with a capital punishment and with any corporal punishments. When he comes out of jail, he doesn’t commit any crimes. Criminal should do social welfare work or community service. Criminals are ill; they are patients with a disease. Some crimes threaten human life: robbery, burglary, mugging, kidnapping, hijack, murder, shoplifter, and kill in self defense …

You can be fine for possessing illegal drugs. (You can be put in a prison for possessing illegal drugs.) Drug smugglers face to the punishment if they are caught. In some countries the punishment for possessing and trafficking more 15 g of heroin is dealt. There are heavy fines for drink-driving and for speeding. Cigarettes smoking are illegal in public places. Dropping litter in public places is forbidden. You must always use pedestrian crossing. You can be fine for crossing on the red man (on a red light).
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