Literature is set of texts, which have some social account. Text is written for intentiont to be impart to next generation. Today is literary work noting by writ, but i n times, when writ didn´t exist, the literary work was shed as a rumour, and today is known only how someone wrote down it later. And so, these legends and historical facts became to section of literature. Literature has of course many functions: at first it is mainly social function, as education, enjoyment, seconly –economy function - when publisher distribute a good book it can bring money, because when the book became to be a bestseller, a film companies want to make a film, based on the book.
For me is literature mainly knowledge source, because I haven´t so much free time to read, so when I read some book, it is only in the tram or in the bus. I think that for our generation is many times more exciting to see some film based on book, but don´t read the book, because you must spent much time by reading than see a film. But I must admit, that it is sometimes my case too, but from time to time some film, inpire me to read the book, and than I´m very surprissed that the book was better than film and the film was only an outline of the book. And after I appreciate that I should read more. Literature can be divided according action and style of writting on some parts. A FICTION literature is made-up story, it can be for example SCIENCE FICTION book, story is often about new technical invention, future, traveling in time, AI, about visitors from space. Story is based on actuality scientific knowledges. Famous authors of this kind of literature was Verne or Ray Bradbury.
A NON-FICTION literature is POETRY, it is written normal speach, or PROSE it is short story written in rhymes, where can we see mainly authorś view on the story he wrote and sometimes we must think about the story and try to understand the author and what he want to say. The next part of non-fiction literature is DETECTIVE STORY- in the begining of the story is reader a witness of commission the crime, and reader know or don´t know, who is the murder. And than the whole story is about people, who saw the crime, or someone who commission the murder, or about the detective, who investigate the crime.
Very similar kind of book is THRILLER , the story can be about the crime to, but it need be a murder but I think in thriller we can see better the character of the heroes.
In ADVENTURE BOOK is story usually about traveling and discovering new places, or about interesting places in our planet, there can be one or more heroes.
BIOGRAPHY-it is exactly a descriptions of the live of some, usually famous person, for example actor, sportsman, politician, governor and when author write about himself, it called AUTHOBIOGRAPHY.
FAIRY-TALE- it is made-up stories for children and already from the begining is clear, who is bad and who is good. Hero can be gueen, king magician, dragon or some supernatural feature. In the end of course the good defets the evil.
At first sight is FABLE very similar with fairy-tale, but there is one big contrast, heroes of the story are animals and they acts as people. Each animal representative some character of people, bad or good. For example a fox representative smart people. It is usually short story and in the end is a point, it is some instuction for each of us and our life.
The last part of non-fiction literature are books for educacion, and at first it si ENCYCLOPEDIA, there can we find some special knowledge. Compared with the other book, encyclopedia ha got special form, there is many small texts with explanations, drowings, photographs and pictures. Secondly it is TEXT BOOK-itś used mainly for study, it can be for study languages, maths, geography and so on. .