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Utorok, 22. septembra 2020
English literature from beginings to 18. century
Dátum pridania: 23.08.2007 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: Mjork
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 2 598
Referát vhodný pre: Vysoká škola Počet A4: 8.9
Priemerná známka: 2.98 Rýchle čítanie: 14m 50s
Pomalé čítanie: 22m 15s

All's Well That Ends Well
As You Like It
The Comedy of Errors
Love's Labours Lost
Measure for Measure
The Merry Wives of Windsor
The Merchant of Venice
A Midsummer Night's Dream
Much Ado About Nothing
Pericles, Prince of Tyre
Taming of the Shrew
The Tempest
Troilus and Cressida
Twelfth Night
Two Gentlemans of Verona
Winter ´s Tale

Henry IV, part 1
Henry IV, part 2
Henry V
Henry VI, part 1
Henry VI, part 2
Henry VI, part 3
Henry VIII
King John
Richard II
Antony and Cleopatra
Julius Caesar
King Lear
Romeo and Juliet
Timon of Athens
Titus Andronicus

The Sonnets
A Lover's Complaint
The Rape of Lucrece
Venus and Adonis
Funeral Elegy by W.S

Richard III

The Sonnet

-in Italy accepted for a long time as the most suitable for a love – poem
-it has 14 lines divided into two parts, the octave (8 lines) and the sestet (6 lines)
-the octave was first half of idea, the sestet was second
-the octave have a question and the sestet give the answer
-the rhyme-scheme was strict with the Italians:
-octave a b b a; a b b a
-sestet – cde, cde or cdc, dcd

12. The Age of Milton

Puritanism, people who wanted:
-sort of religious belief very different from the established faith of England
-wanted a purer kind of Christianity
-no toleration, no joy, no color, no charity
-strict religion, don ´t allowed easy pleasure
-punished vice in the sternest way

One of Puritan writers was John Milton (1608 – 1674) 17th century
-great author of verse and prose too, he was better than all of writers of the opposing camp
-he came from a London family, his father was a music composer
-after a lifetime of overworking he went blind
-at 20 he wrote the Ode – On the Morning of Christ’s Nativity.
-belonging to the period of country retreat he wrote
  • masque Comus – morality play
  • elegy Lycidas – poem
  • Latin Poems from Milton's Commonplace Book
  • Paradise Lost (1674)
  • Paradise Regained (1671)
  • Samson Agonistes (1671)

Propaganda – Milton defended the Commonwealth in his Latin work
-Defense of the British People
-Second Defense
-Areopagitica – marriage – law, divorce

13. The age of Dryden

John Bunyan (1628 – 1688)

  • he was an English preacher and writer
  • while imprisoned for preaching the Gospel without receiving permission from the Established Church, he wrote The Pilgrim's Progress
  • inspiration in Bible
  • his writing is beautiful an simple, contains vivid, humorous characterization

The Pilgrim’s Progress

  • simple story very traditional in its use of allegory an personification
  • published in 1678
  • allegory takes form of a dream by the author in which Christian flees form the City of Destruction (having failed to persuade his wife and children to go with him) trough the River of Death, or Giant of Despair to the Celestial city (heaven)
  • the second part of his story relates how his wife, Christiana, moved by a vision follows with her children on the same pilgrimage
  • he travels trough the Slough of Despond, the Valley of Humiliation, the Valley of the Shadow of Death, Vanity Fair…
  • he have to don’t do a sin but get to heaven
  • Characters: Hategood, Ignorance, Envy, Apollyon, Giant Despair– Bad characters
    Faithful, Hopeful, Worldly Wiseman – good characters

14. The new drama

  • Re-birth of theatres closed by puritans,
  • Women on stage, more realistic sexual atmosphere was possible at the stage,
  • Shakespeare or Ben Johnson completely absent from the new theatres
  • Beginnings of Opera
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