The countries whose language I am learning
-the first European in NZ was the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 17th century
-later the British explorer James Cook came to this part of the world and discovered the country in 18th century
-the native people called Maoris
-today NZ has a population of around 3,5 ml. people
-NZ consist of two islands:
- The North Island
- The South Island
The North Island:
- there live almost 80% of the population
- capital is Wellington
- in the north, between two bays there is Auckland, the largest city in the country – there is a lot of volcanic activity
The South Island:
- there are many atraciton to visitors, for example: mountains, rivers, lakes, glaciers
- the highest mountain is Mount Cook
- the most interesting is kiwi – it is a national bird, symbol of country, it doesn’t fly
- the part of the coast that Abel Tasman first saw became Abel Tasman National Park – it is the smallest national part in NZ
- the country has a very pleasant, healthy, temperate climate with plenty of sunshine and good rainfall, with warm summers and mild winters.
-NZ has oil, natural gas, coal, iron, sulphur, some gold
-NZ is rich agricultural country, but industry also plays an important role
-The NZ Parliament has only one chamber, the House of Representatives, which consist of 92 members elected for 3 years.
-is a constitutional monarchy and Queen Elizabeth II. Is symbolic head of state.
-A has 3 major political parties:
- The Labour Party
- The Liberal Party
- The National Party
-the Australian Government consists of:
- Federal Fovernmenr
- Territory Governments
-the Federal Governmenr operates on two house system:
·the House of Representatives
-A is a federation of 6 states:
- New South Wales
- South Australia
- Western Australia
-Sydney is the largest city with the population of around 4 mil. people, it is the oldest city in A
-The most famous building in A is the Opera House in Sydney
-The native people are aborigines – they live mostly in the Northern coastal areas and on small islands; their culture is based on a deep and strong spiritual life and traditions
-A is rich in wild life
-The animals in A are very different from animals in other parts of the world
-Koala bear is a marsupial, animal with a ponch for babies, it lives in the woodlands of eastern A, they eat eucalyptus trees
-Kangaroo – they are primitive animals with very strong legs and a tail that helps them to jump up to 5 m and run at 40 km per hour
-Next animals are dingo, kookaburra, emu, lyrebird
-Australians like barbecue and picnics during all year
-in Scotland Burns Night celebrations take place in many places on or near 25th January, which is the anniversary of the birth of the country’s most famous poet, Robert Burns.
-The celebrations usually include reading from the great man’s poems, traditional Scottisch music, drink a lot of whisky...
-Haggies looks like a very fat sausage, with the filling consisting of pieces of sheeps heart, liver and lungs mixed with onion, oast and spices.
Mother touque speakers have reached 300 ml., a futher 300 ml. use English as a second language.
In English language is about 1 ml. words.
English speakers use 5 000 words in speech and up to 10 000 in written communication
English is used as an official or seme – official language in over 60 countries
English isn’t the same in all English speaking countries. They are different in pronunciation, spelling, vocabulary, grammar
Predprítomný časjednoduchý minulý čas
(he has just gone home)(he just went home)