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Štvrtok, 5. augusta 2021
Fashion and clothing
Dátum pridania: 12.07.2007 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: Nanet
 
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 1 057
Referát vhodný pre: Gymnázium Počet A4: 3.2
Priemerná známka: 2.98 Rýchle čítanie: 5m 20s
Pomalé čítanie: 8m 0s
 
People have different attitudes of fashion. Some are different, they do not care what they wear, others especially women are very choosy and particular about what to wear and like to spend a lot of money on
clothes. Some people buy ready made clothes, others prefer to have theme made to measure or buy them at second-hand shops, some have excellent taste in dress and are always dressed perfectly, others are
slovenly in dress.

There are some people who want to be dressed according to the latest fashion at all costs even if it does not suit them. It seems that it is a hobby for theme to follow the fashion magazines and see what a few leding designers in Paris, Rome, London or New York present. For some people fashion is a matter of differentation, the eagerness to distinguish one self from one´s fellows, for others it is a need to match their ideal model by imitating his/her appearance. Different factors which have influenced the styles of clothing, such as geography, climate, poverty and wealth ave played their role. We can also note how rich people altered their clothes with every fancy of their tailor while the poor people´s garments changed slowly. Then te cheap manufacture of cloth and the invention of the sewing machine brought about a revolution. Ready made clothes have become relatively cheap and now fashionable trends are mimitated all over the world. On the other hand all of this resulted in kind or uniformity.

It is hard to tell class, profession or even sex by the form of dress. Fashion concerns not only clothes, but also hair style, make-up and accessories, such as shoes, handbags, gloves, belts, hats, scarfs or jewellery and glasses. Clothing, footwear and cosmetic manufacturers as well as jewellery makers and hairdressers need to make money. Styles, cuts, desings and particulary the length of clothes change very quickly because dressmaking has become big bussiness nowadays. Tight-fitting miniskirts may be in at one time, soon to be replaced by mdcalf lenght and loose dress or maxi-style. Fashions often revent to older styles; what is out of fashion, funny or ridiculous now, may look romantic a few decades later.

But the fashions never repeat themselves quite in the same way. There can be a whole range of distinctive features. We could note various types of neckline (high or low, oval, V-neck, boat neck, tie or polo neck, with collar or collarless), and various cuts of sleeves (inset, raglan, dropped shoulder or batwing).

The dress may have a classic line, A-line or be straight the waistline may be natural, high or low. At one time straight or slit skirts are in, at another full, bell-shaped or divided skirts become trendy.

There is also a variety of materials the dress can be made of-traditional natural materials such as cotton, wool, linen, silk and the vast collection of new fabrics based on man-made fibres. But everybody usually looks for first class, washable, non-iron, crease - and shrink-resistant fabric. Their design can be plain or patterned (flowered, geometric, striped, checked, dotted or spotted) and taken from the whole spectrum of colours running from the brighest and most garish to the coolest and most subdued. 
 
The way we dress also depends on our taste, on the season and the proper occasion. We should know what kind of accessories complement the dress nad what colours match each other. In summer we wear light summer dresses, loose blouses with a low neckline and with short sleeves or without sleeves, skirts gathered at the waist or belt-shaped, cropped trousers, shorts or Bermuda shorts and various T-shirts, and on our feet we pull on sandals, mules, slippers or plimsolls. When we go swimming we put on swim suit (bikini, one-piece or twin-piece) or trunks, sometimes a beach gown and a straw hat. In winter we need to wear something warm-suits, trousers, jeans, woollies, cardigans, polo neck sweaters, jumpers, anoraks and parkas, winter coats and jackets, sometimes even a fur coat, gloves and mittens, caps, hoods, hats, scarfs and mufflers.

And boots of course. 

On special occasions we like to be dressed properly too. When we go to a concert or to the theatre we prefer to be dressed up. We wear an evening dress, which consists of a dark suit, a light shirt and a tie
or a bowtie, sometimes a dinner jacket, an evening gown, cort shoes and pumps. For sports we put on sports wear, such as jeans, shorts, T-shirts, blazers, parkas, track suits and to the mountains a waterproof jacket or anorak and sports shoes (trainers, plimsolls, heavy boots or skishoes). At home we like to feel comfortable, and so we prefere leisure wear- slacks, jeans and T-shirts and on our feet slippers or mules.
To school we wear something practical and plain. The most favourite wear of teenagers include jeans or trousers, shirts and T-shirts of different colours, sweatshirts or pullovers and trainers.

For workshop of cleaning jobs we must put on an apron, overall or overalls. Special kinds of clotes are uniforms and costumes.

Uniforms are worn particulary by professionals such as the police, the armed forces, health workers, sometimes workers of a certain firm. It is still a tradition in some schools in Britain (mostly private ones) to wear a school uniform. It usually consists of a white shirt and grey or dark trousers and a dark sweater or blazer with a school badge on the breast pocket and perhaps a cap (for younger boys). Unlike the boys
who do not mind wearing uniforms because they do not differ very much from ordinary clothes, the girl´s dress since it consists of a plain coat, a blouse and a skirt in some dark colour, such as grey, navy blue
or brown.

Girls would prefer ordinary clothes to express their personality or perhaps they just feel more comfortable in jeans and a T-shirt. The argument for uniforms is that they prevent competition among the girls and hide differences in family incomes. Costumes on the other hand reflect the style of a past time. Apart from the theatre they are not seen very often, only on special occasions. Scotsmen are well-known for their national costume which consists of a kilt, knee-length woollen socks, a cap and a sporran. The kilt is made of a tartan.
 
Podobné referáty
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