Vypracované niektoré maturitne temy z anglického jazyka z učebnice Zmaturuj z anglického jazyka, a to:
02. Culture and the Arts
08. School and study
12. Science and technology
19. Multicultural society
20. Town and places
02. CULTURE AND THE ARTS
What do we mean by „art“? We use the word a great deal and in many different contexts. As a general definition we will consider art to be the creation of something that is „aesthetically pleasing“.
Those lucky ones who are gifted enough can make a living of art as actors, actresses, directors, conductors, musicians, painters, sculptors and writers.
The arts in all their forms draw large audiences.
Whether art is here to entertain, educate, or whatever, only you can say how much importance art has in your inner life.
Speaking from a strictly practical point of view, art is useless. The point of art is to stimulate the imagination, to try to make the viewer understand some of the emotions and ideas experienced by the painter when he was creating his work of art. Art in particular can feed the imagination.
Sports are physical activities. People do them fit and healthy, or just because they like them. Sports are good for gathering people in one place. This makes sport a very good social activity.
There are many kinds of sports people do. Sports can be devided into two main categories. Indoor and outdoor sports. I will name some of them:
I´ll (I will) start with outdoor sports: there is my favorite swimming, skiing and riding. But there are also another activities like football, tennis, ice hockey and golf. These activities are group activities. Group activities are good for building relationships.
Now I´ll name some indoor activities: and typical game is bowling, pool, darts and snooker.
As I mentioned people do sports for their health too. Sports help to build some muscle, get a rid of stress – this is due the production of endorphines.
Every sport has rules. These rules are watched by referess.
The top of sports games is olympic games. This is the dream of each sportsman. Sports are very popular because a modern lifestyle expects people to be fit and healthy.
Choosing a place to live in is a problem which everybody has to deal with at the beginning of his adult life. The choice is wide – you may live in a village, in a town, in a suburban area of a large city. There are several types of dwellings in Great Britain you may choose from: a flat, a council house/flat, a house, a terraced house, a cotage or a bungalow
A flat or an apartment is a set of rooms that are usually all on the same level and are a part of a larger building. A council house/flat means flats or houses owned by the council. A detached house is a house standing by itself. Terraced houses are two or more houses joined together in a row. Cottages are small, very old village houses. Bungalows are one-storey houses.
Buying a flat or a house is usually very expensive. If you work, you may arrange a mortgage with a bank.
Houses in Britain and on the Continent may seem small if we compare them to American houses.
Everybody in our country has a doctor. Some people have one family doctor. There are two types of health facilities state and private ones.
Every person is provided with medical care for his whole life. This includes childhood vaccination. The most common diseases that are children vaccined are tuberculosis, diptheria, tetanus, whooping coush, polio and later smallpox.
Each school child has to undergo a series of preventive medical check-ups.
When we fell ill we have these options. We can stay at home and cure ourselves or see a doctor. If we are not hypochondriacs we try to get over our cold easily by staying in bed, taking pills, keeping warm, sweating, gargling and drinking herbal tea with honey or lemon.
Sometimes it can be a bit risky to cure ourselves, because we can not estimate the disease as good as doctor.
The second option is to go and see a doctor. When we arrive to doctor we must wait for nurse to call us. When she calls us we can go to doctors Office. There doctor examines us. He asks us what ails us and tells us the diagnose.
Than we go to farmacy and we get medicine. Than w ego home and cure from disease.
For most people travelling is a great hobby. If you have to travel somewhere, the first thing you should do is decide how to get to your destination. You may travel by land, by air or by sea. If you travel by land, you should consider one of these: going on foot (walking), riding a bike or a motorcycle. They all have advantages and disadvantages.
Walking or going on foot is definitely the cheapest and the healthiest way. If your destination is far away, you will probably choose a bus.
Travelling by train was quite common in the past.
For children, going somewhere by train is always an interesting and special experience. Sitting at the window and watching the beautiful countryside.
Going by plane is said to be the fastest, the most expensive, and even the safest way to travel according to statistics.
The most common way of travelling today is going by car. If you fell tired, you can sleep in a motel and continue your journey on the following day.
Lots of people have to travel short distances every day, they commute to work or school. If you live in a big city which has got an underground, you don´t have to spend a lot of time commuting to work.
08. SCHOOL AND STUDY
There are different forms of education. Many children start their schooling in nursery school where they spend a few hours each day playing and doing some activities.
While in Britain primary schools are for children from five to eleven, in Slovakia they are attended by children between six and fifteen.
Some years ago a new type of school was introduced – the eight-year gymnazium. One positive effect is that talented children are given an opportunity to develop their knowledge and skills by means of the demanding curriculum. But that same curriculum can sometimes lead to their overloading that can result in the loss of a childhood full of fun and taking things easy.
To finish secondary education, students have to pass the school-leaving examination (matricular exams).
Many students want to continue their studies at universities where they study law, medicine, business or international relations and so on. While during their primary and secondary education they were given marks, at universities they have to get credits and grades A, B, C, D, E (if they pass) and FX (if they fail).
When students successfully accomplish their university studies they are given a degree in their field of study. The most advanced type of degree is a PhD when postgraduate students study on their own for several years, doing research work and writing a dessertation explaining what they have discovered.
12. SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Mankind has come a long way during its existence. In pre-historic times, people´s lives and their needs were simple – everything needed for life was at hand.
Step by step, people started changing the world, trying to make their lives easier and more comfortable.
Mankind started down a road of progress that he could not get off. The 18th and 19th centuries witnessed the industrial revolution that completely changed the world.
The development of science and technology went on rapidly and the 20th century brought such inventions as the airplane, the television, the computer, the mobile phone, the Internet and the videophone.
At the beginning of the 3rd millennium, science and technology have a deep influence on our lives.
New technologies have also made some transactions easier.
In the past few decades, we have witnessed a rapid development of new Technologies in medicine.
The food industry has also been influenced by scientific and technological advances.
New Technologies are everywhere, even surrounding us at home. Our households are equipped with modern appliances, sucha s refrigerators and freezers, vacuum cleaners, washing machines, dishwashers, microwave ovens, computers, TV sets, stereos and DVD and video players.
19. MULTICULTURAL SOCIETY
There are many big cities which are cosmopolitan such as London where the British from different parts of the country searching for jobs have settled down next door to Pakistanis or West Indians. Their children attend the same schools and grow up shoulder to shoulder.
New York is as cosmopolitan as London but is not as mixed. Nationalities stay in their own areas, like the Russians in the Russian section, the Germans in the German section.
The area of a city where many Chinese people live and where you can find many Chinese shops and restaurants is called Chinatown.
Since 1989 Slovakia has become a country open to people from other countries. Apart from Slovaks, the territory is inhabited by over half a million Hungarians in the south of Slovakia, along with smaller groups like the Ruthenians in the east. One minority without a territory are the Romany. A rapidly rising birth rate among the Romany means an increasingly important issue in Slovak politics and Slovakia is working hard to integrate them into society.
More and more women get married to men of different religion and colour. There is still a certain amount of prejudice, but most young people are tolerant, without any prejudice.
There are many benefits to a society which is truly multicultural. In enriches people offering them different experiences, different attitudes to life and supports tolerance and mutual understanding.
20. TOWN AND PLACES
Places are important to people. In their lives they have an important role. Very important place is our birthplace. We are connected to this place with strong bonds. These bonds are made by our memories of our childhood.
When people are mature they often leave their birthplace and find their own place to live.
People choose place to live acctording to some attributes. These attributes are: job opportunities, environment (quiet or rush place) and distance to major cities.
The main purpose of living place is to acquire a shelter for our beloved ones.
Places are also important for student to study. Many students go abroad to study and live at foreign family.
Places are also important for vacations. People love to go sightseeing. A good place for visitors are historic landmarks beautiful natural wonders unique buildings and museums.