referaty.sk – Všetko čo študent potrebuje
Vladislav
Nedeľa, 25. septembra 2022
Phrases and their characteristics
Dátum pridania: 02.07.2009 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: Linduška
 
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 966
Referát vhodný pre: Vysoká škola Počet A4: 3.2
Priemerná známka: 2.97 Rýchle čítanie: 5m 20s
Pomalé čítanie: 8m 0s
 
3. plurals same as singulars

- some words ending in –s do not change in plural:
barracks, crossroads, headquarters, means, series, species, works, Swiss
- some singular uncountable nouns end in –s → they have no plurals:
news, billiards, draughts (and some other names of games ending in –s), measles (and some other illnesses)

- most words ending in –ics are normally singular uncountable and have no plural use: mathematics, athletics, physics
Too much mathematics is usually taught in school.
- some words ending in –ics can also have plural uses: politics, statistics
Politics is a complicated business. BUT: The unemployment statistics are disturbing. (konkrétna štatistika)

(The acoustics in this room are awful. – konkrétna akustika)
- other nouns which do not change in the plural are craft (meaning “vehicle”): aircraft, spacecraft, hovercraft
- Chinese, Japanese and other nationalities nouns ending in –ese
- sheep, fish, deer and the names of some other living creatures (especially those that are hunted or used for food)

- dozen, hundred, thousand, million, stone (14 pounds), and foot (12 inches) have plurals without –s in some kinds of expressions
- Dice (used in board games) is originally the plural of die which is not now often used in this sense. In modern Eneglish dice is gene rally used as both singular and plural.
- Data is originally the plural of datum, which is not now used.

4. foreign plurals:

analysis – analyses (Latin)
appendix – appendices (Latin) /appendixes
bacterium – bacteria (Latin)
medium – media (Latin) /mediums
cactus – cacti (Latin) /cactuses
fungus – fungi (Latin) /funguses
criterion – criteria (Greek)
phenomenon – phenomena (Greek)
formula – formulae (Latin) /formulas
vertebra – vertebrae (Latin) /vertebras
kibbutz – kibbutzim (Hebrew)
 
späť späť   1  |  2  |   3   
 
Copyright © 1999-2019 News and Media Holding, a.s.
Všetky práva vyhradené. Publikovanie alebo šírenie obsahu je zakázané bez predchádzajúceho súhlasu.