John Ronald Reuel Tolkien Lord of the Rings (including some facts about J.R.R. 's life)
J.R.R. Tolkien, fully John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, was born in South Africa on the 3rd of January 1892 to his English parents. In 1896, after the death of his father Arthur Reuel, he, his mother Mabel and his younger brother Hilary returned to England, where he lived for the rest of his life. He attended King Edward's School in Birmingham. In this period, Tolkien’s mother died and the two orphaned brothers went to live to their aunt. By this time Ronald was already showing remarkable linguistic gifts. He had mastered the Latin and Greek and was becoming more than competent in a number of other languages, both modern and ancient. He was busy making up his own languages, purely for fun.
Ronald went up to Exeter College, Oxford, in 1911, where he stayed, immersing himself in the Classics, Old English, and the Germanic languages - Welsh and Finnish. Then he changed his school from Classics to the English Language and Literature. He was working on various poetic attempts, and on his invented languages, especially one, that he came to call Qenya. He achieved a first-class degree in 1915. A year later he married Edith Bratt, his childhood sweetheart. They had four children, John, Michael, Christopher, and Priscilla. He worked on the Oxford English Dictionary. Then he took a job as Reader of the English Language, later rising to Professor of English Language at Leeds. In 1925, he became Rawlingson Professor of Anglo-Saxon and Fellow at Pembroke College in Oxford. He received the Britannic Empire Cross from the hands of the Queen. He had begun to put his stories into shape. This ordering of his imagination developed into the Book of Lost Tales, in which most of the major stories of the Silmarillion appear in their first form. He started writing The Silmarillion, a project which lasted his entire lifetime.
To his other works belongs: The Lays of Beleriand, The Lost Road, The Return of the Shadow, The Treason of Isengard, Morgoth’s Ring, The War of the Ring, The War of the Jewels, Sauron Defeated, The People of Middle Earth, Smith of Wootton Major, Farmer Giles of Ham, The Father Christmas Letters, Tree and Leaf, The Adventures of Tom Bombadil, The Road Goes Ever On, The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings and many others. Tolkien also made many drawings, some as illustrations to his books. Many of them can be seen in the book Pictures by J.R.R. Tolkien.
The Hobbit, a prequel to The Lord of the Rings, was his first published book.
It was written like a book for children and immediately scored a success. His most famous work, The Lord of the Rings, is an extremely long work written in six books and published in three volumes: The Fellowship of the Ring, The Two Towers, and The Return of the King. It is not easy to tell the contents of this book, because it’s not only extended, but also entangled and complex.
The Lord of the Rings takes place in a very vivid world called Middle-Earth. This world, although completely invented by Tolkien, contains its own races, cultures, histories, and most impressively its own writing systems and languages. The Lord of the Rings presents us with the age-old battle between good and evil. Sauron, the Lord of Mordor, created magical rings, the Rings of Power. He gave three of them to the Elven kings, seven to the Dwarf lords and nine to the Mortal Men. He created also one ring, the Ruling Ring, for himself. It ruled the other rings and made Sauron powerful beyond all belief. He wanted to enslave the free races, so a war begun, in which the Ring was cut off Sauron’s finger. The Ring, which could be best described as having its own intelligence, moved itself from owner to owner through the years, corrupting each owner and making them fanatically obsessed with it. As years had flowed, the Enemy, Sauron, who’s soul wasn’t destroyed, became stronger. But he still lacked the thing to give him strength and knowledge to beat down all the resistance, he lacked the Ruling Ring. He was seeking it thoroughly and sends his nine Ringwraiths to bring him the precious ring. The current ring owner was Frodo Baggins, a hobbit. He became it from his uncle, Bilbo, who had stolen it from a creature named Gollum years ago. Frodo’s friend, conjuror Gandalf warned him and told him, that he had to bring the ring to the House of Elrond, an old and wise Elf, where a meeting should be held, on which the decision had to be made, what will happen with the dangerous ring next. Together with his three hobbit friends, Sam, Pippin (Peregrin) and Merry (Meriadoc), Frodo left his home, the Shire, and his journey started. But the Ringwraithts, the Nazguls, were following them and the journey turned to a flew. With the help of Tom Bombadil, Arwen and Aragorn, also called Strider, they finally arrived safe to Elrond’s house in the Rivendell. On the meeting here it is decided, that the Ring has to be destroyed and that can be done only by throwing it to the Cracks of Doom.
The Cracks lie deep inside the Land of Mordor, the territory of Sauron, so the quest is more than dangerous. Gandalf, the wizard, Gimli, a Dwarf, Legolas, an Elf, Boromir, a Mortal Man and Aragorn, a Ranger, were chosen to accompany Frodo, the Ring bearer, and his friends, on their way to Mordor. Their journey was long and full of dangers. The Ringwraiths, the orc army of the wizard Saruman, who wants the Ring too, and Gollum, a creature, that was long the ring owner a wants its ‘precious’ back, were following the Fellowship of the Ring. The fellowship broke, but Frodo gave not up and finally, after many adventures, the Ring fell into the Cracks of Doom, so Sauron was defeated. The rest of the Fellowship helped in the war against Sauron’s and Saruman’s army together with other nations and creatures of Middle Earth and defeated Saruman, too. The Middle Earth was free of the Dark Lord so each one of the Fellowship went his own way and fixed, what Saruman and Sauron destroyed. The tale ends, as Frodo, Bilbo, Aragorn and Gandalf, together with Elrond and Galadriel, the masters of Elves, go to the Grey Havens and sail away to a land, which nobody comes back from. The Lord of the Rings has remained popular throughout the years. The story has been adapted as a radio series, a full-length animation, and a film trilogy. Many authors have written books featuring Middle-Earth or its creations, and the actual Lord of the Rings has been reprinted countless times in many states.
On the 2nd of September 1973 died J. R. R. Tolkien when he was 81. Since 1984 Christopher Tolkien has been presenting his father's unpublished writings.