Plymouth has a proud maritime heritage. Bath is worth seeing for the remains of its Roman bath built 2000 years ago. Exeter is the starting point for Dartmoor – the moorland. I its the country of many national parks. Going north we can go through Birmingham which is at the geographical heart of England and is the second largest city in Britain. We can see interesting Victorian architecture here and the network of canals which is the evidence of rich industrial heritage. In Manchester we can visit The museum of Science and Industry, The Air and Space Museum. The other bit cities here are Liverpool, Leeds, Sheffield and York. Northern England – Cumbria and Northumbria – is the country of beautiful nature, many national parks and cultural traditions, e. g. in the city of Durham we can find a massive 11th century castle and a beautiful cathedral, both situated on cliffs high above the river Wear. The lake District National Park with beautiful Windermere Lake is the region where romantic poets wrote their poetry. Now this area is popular with mountaineers, painters and tourists. The lakes are good for water sports.
Saxon invaders attacked Wales and this English conquest of Wales was completed in 1282 by the English King Edward I. He started the tradition of giving the title “Prince of Wales” to the oldest son of the English King. Wales is sometimes called the land of castles. Among the best known are Caernarfon, where Prince Charles was invested as Prince of Wales in 1969, Conwy and Harlech which stand on rocky cliffs overlooking the mountains of Snowdonia National Park. The land is full of mystery and beauty. There are snow-capped mountain, green valleys, sea resorts, big cities and little seaside towns. Cardiff, Newport and Swansea are the biggest cities here.
Scotland is a historically and culturally separate country from England. It has its own legal and educational systems and currency (the value is the same but banknotes have different design). Scotland is the land of many special traditions which cannot be found elsewhere in the world – playing the pipes, quality tweeds, woollen knitwear, wearing kilts made us tartan, Scotch whisky. The biggest city is Glasgow, an old Victorian town, the cultural centre and the heart of the arts in Scotland. The city has also some of finest museums and galleries in Europe. Edinburgh is dominated by imposing 12th century castle – Holyroodhouse. Through the heart of the city the cobbled Royal Mile runs. The city is full of attractive squares, tree – lined avenues and elegant shopping centres like Princess street.
Housing in Britain:
Almost half of all British families own the houses in which they live. There are several types of houses in Britain: a terraced house, a semi-detached house, a detached house, a bungalow and a cottage. A typical British house is set in a small garden and has two storeys. There is a hall, a front room, a back room, a kitchen, a pantry and a storage space downstairs. A garage is attached to the house. Upstairs there is one big bedroom and two smaller ones, a bathroom and a lavatory.
Sightseeing in London:
There are many places of interest. We can see them by walking or by various means of transport. There are Houses of Parliament, Big Ben, Westminster cathedral, Westminster abbey, St. Paul’s Cathedral – Whispering Gallery, the Tower, the Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square, the National Gallery of British Art, The British Museum, the Buckingham Palace, the Post Office Tower, the National Theatre, the National Maritime Museum and some parks, e.g. St. James Park, Green Park, Regents Park and the Hyde Park.
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