Travelling is the method how to get from one place to another place. People have used travelling for along time. One hundred years ago they travelled on horses, by carriages (kočár), on foot and later in trains. Now is travelling very popular.People all around the world travel for various reasons. They have to go to school, to work,to visit they friends or family, for a holiday and for culture. They have to go shopping too. And people from small villages use travelling to go in big cities. I think, many people like travelling, because it is exciting.Travelling takes up more time in our lives.
There are two ways of travelling. We can use our means of transport or we can use the public transport. The public transport is very important (důležitý).People and goods (zboží) can by transported by land, by air or by water.
Water transport is relatively cheap but quite (poměrně) slow. Water transport is used especially for transporting goods. There are cargo (nákladní lodě) and passengers vessels (loď, plavidlo), ferries (přívoz) and steamboats (parníky) on the rivers, sees and oceans. But not many people have the courage[karidž] (odvaha) to board a ship, because they are afraid (obávat se) of sea-sick.
The fastest way of travveling is to travel by air, but it is also the most expensive. People in our country take plane when they go abroud (zahraniči). At the airport we buy an air tiket, we go through the passport control and security check (ověření). Our luggage are checked and then we wait until the plane is ready for take-off. After taking off people can’t smoke and use mobile phone. In the plane is a fly attendant. She serves drings,something small to eat and when we need a help she cames and asks what we need.We can choose first or second class. Some rich people can also hire (pronajmout) a helicopter.
Other kind of public transport is the underground – in the Czech Republic we can use it only in Prague, but it has only three lines A,B and C. In Amerika is called subway or tube. Other kinds are trams, trolley buses and buses. Sometimes people travel by bus to foreign countries, so they travel by coach (dálkový autobus). In London there are typical red double-decker buses.
The taxi are maybe more comfortable, but also more expensive. American cabs (taxíky) have got a typical yellow colour and in England the taxis look like historical black car. Young people have not much money and the use hitschhiking (stopování). It is the cheapest way of transport but also the slowest and quite dangerous.
For example for commuting (dojíždění) we can use trains. The express trains are expensive, but very fast.
We can travel in business class (první třída) or in economy class (druhá třída), it is cheaper. But sometimes we have to change trains at interchange stations (přestupní stanice). We can make a mistake and we don’t like never-ending waiting at platforms. We must buy a ticket – single ticket (jednoduchá jízdenka) or return ticket (zpáteční jízdenka). We use the single ticket if we want to go from one place to another. And if we want to go back we use the return ticket. We have smoker and non-smoker compartment (kupé). Usually a train consists of passenger carriages, sleeping-car and dining-car. People must be careful (pečlivý, opatrný) on their departures (odjezdy) and arrivals (příjezdy). Stations consist of a big hall with a ticket office, the deparatures and arrivals board, telephones, waiting hall, a restaurant, a drink machine, toilettes and sometimes it is decorated by some flowers and a little fountain.From the platform we get on the train and look for a free seat. If all seats are occupied we must move into another carriage (vagón) and try it again there. When we are seated and the train starts, we can spend the time talking with fellow passenger, eat some food or play cards. Our ticket is controlled by conductor [kendakt] (průvodčí). But in Britain is not a conductor, but you give your ticket to a ticket collector (sběratel,l apač).
Bikes or motorbikes are very popular mainly among (mezi) young people. The most typical mean of transport is still a car.I thing that almost everyone has got his own car. For short and middle distance a car is fast enough, but we can get to a traffic jam. Sometimes we can wait in a jam for a few hours. Modern car are sometimes more comfortable than the interior of a plane: soft seats, a lot of space fot the legs and even more. If you want to drive a car you must have a driving licence. Cars are to be driven on the right side of the road, but in a Great Britain and some other countries, there people drive on the left. When we travel by car we have to be very careful, because there are many accidents. A lot of people die in a car crash.Some people love more romantic means of transport- going on a yacht, canoeing, gliding (plachtění) or windsurfing.
Traveling fever increase [inkris] (vzrůstá) during the holidays – especially during the summer holidays, when people go abroad. For going abroad you need necessary [neseseri] (nezbytné) documents : valid passport (platný pas). Sometimes people must have got also visa, we can get it at embassy. Czechs need visa for example for entry to USA, New Zealand or Ukraine. If people travel to the exotic countries, it is important to have vaccination [ veksinejšn] for example against malaria. You need money too. You change them in a bank or at an exchange office.
If we travel for longer time, we usually have got few pieces of luggage (zavazadlo) with clothes, food and so on. Businessman usually hold suitcase, ladies handbags and young people rucksacks or bags. Everyone should keep the weight limits.
It is also very useful to know some foreign language, as an Englisch or German.
The most beatiful places are Rome, Venice, London, Praque, Paris or Amsterdam. I like Egypt and Spain too. We can see there very nice buildings, temples (chrámy), churches or castles. For a recreation we travel to beatiful skenery (krajina) of Alps and places around in Mediterraanean [medite‘reinjen] (Středozemní) Sea.
But we dont have only summer holidays. In our country are many short holidays during the scholl year : autumn holidays which last only few days; christmas holidays which last for one week,in which people celebrate christmas and new year. On this holidays I am usually with my family, we visit grandmother. Other holidays are spring holidays last one week too, easter holidays last only few days.
In our country is travelling very popular. After year 1989 we can travel everywhere. I think that Czechs like very much so-called package holiday (dovolená s cestovou). It is maybe more expensive but that is more comfortable. Package holiday includes (zahrnovat) accommodation, transport to the place of holiday and back, food, insurance (pojištění) and service of a courier. Sometimes it can include some trips or another entertainment.
The Czech Republic is today also very attractive place for holiday. In our country foreign tourists admire [ed’maire] (obdivovat) Prague. There are many monuments, which were bulit hundred years ago. There are lots of churches, castels and old buildings. In the Czech Republic there are also some recreation places : Šumava, Krkonoše, Jeseníky or Beskydy. This places visited tourists mainly from Germany and Pollen or Austria. Other reasons can be different culture actions, which are taking plac ethere. For example film festival Karlovy Vary or music festival like Prague Spring, Rock for People or Trutnov Open Air. A big reason, why people can visit our country, are the prices. Everything is here quite cheaper and, of course, we can produce [prodjus] the best bier.
In our country there are many state and private travel agencies. Here people can buy trips, tickets for foreign busses or trans or reserve accommodation (ubytování), which is very important (důležitý). In thirst place there are hotels and motels. Before arrival you should make a reservation, book a room in it. You can get breakfast of full board (plná penze).
In a hotel there is usually some of the hotel’s services : a restaurant, a bar, a coffee shop, a travel desk, a theater ticket office, a hairdresser’s shop (kadeřník) and beauty salon or sports facilities (příležitost, vybavení) like a swimming poool or a fitness centre.
The motels are situated mostly by the roads. The guests can park his car at the door of his own room.
A special kind of accommodation for young people are yout hostels (mládežnická ubytovna). Usually you got there only a bed and a toilette. It is not very comfortable.
Some tourists also prefer to stay at a farm or they rent a room on their own or in a camp. In the last time young people also sleep open air (pod širákem), it is typical for some summer music festivals.
When we travel we need luggage for our cloths. We can use rucksack , tent (stan) and sleeping bag too.
I like travelling and I think that travelling is very important today. We should learn about another cultures and different styles of living. We can meet new people and friends too. It’s many countries, which I would like to visit in the future, but at first I would like to visit Egypt, Spain and London.