The British Isles consist of two large islands and many smaller one. England, Wales, Scotland from she largest island. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland covers an area of 244 000 square kilometres. The southern part of Ireland, the Irish Free State became an independent republic in 1922. The British Isles are separated from the Continent by the Chamel La Manche.
Great Britain is very densely populated and about 80 per cent of its inhabitants live in towns. They are nearly all English- speaking, but still three Celtic languages have survived in the British Isles.
The coast- line of Great Britain is deeply indented and the kides of the Atlantic and the North Sea rise high and penetrade for to inland up the estuaries of the rivers. On the estuaries, such as the Severn, the Thames, the Mersey, the Humber, the Clyde and the Forth- large commercial sea ports and ship- building centres have grawn up. The wild climate ensures that all British ports are ice- free all the year round Britain has many seaside resorts all along her coast. England is divicled from Scotland by the Cheviat Hills. For the most part however, England is a flat country and 68 per cent of the total area of England and Wales is in inogricultural use, mainly as pasture.
Great Britain consists of four states- England, Wales, Scotland and North Ireland. The largest town is London, the capital, with a population of 8 1/2 million. Other large towns include: Sheffield famous for cuthery and machine tools, Manchester, the town is connected with the part of Liverpool by canol, Birmingham, the centre of the so- called Block Country manufactures all kinds of iron and steel goods, Brodfort and Leeds in Yorkshire, the main town of the wooden industry (tweed is a woolen cloth), Coventry is English Detroit, it is a carproducing town, it is very modern, there are also such towns like Stratford- apon- Avon, Oxford and Cambridge are the towns of universities. Some further notes on the country: Let“s speak about a climate. It is Oceanic i. e. mild and danph owing to surrounding ocean and seas. In practice it means that it often rains there and everything is green all the year- round. English country side is very very beautiful, worth painting or taking photo.
From this climate comes out that the Grest Britain is the country of cattle, sheep and hors breeding and they feed on everygreen grass ( not hay) and now we speak this enables the country to have not only developed industry, but also agricultural. In Britain they make use of meet, wool, skin and pedegree horses + darry products in food- processing industry ( leather i., textile i., etc.)
The U. K. industry is well developed we can speak about such branches of industry ( i.) as : the light- textile, leather, shoe, ceramics, potery, foodprocessing, meatprocessing, they have: canneries, distileries, fruit gardens, breweries, hob- gardens, suggarmils…, heavy branches of British industry are ship- building, engineering, machin tools, car industry, building industry, brickworks, for instance, cementworks, chemicals, oviation i., electric power generation ( atomic power plant), the most efficient owing to the fact they have a few rivers, but they are not deep, they are the shallow. The main rivers are the Thames ( the only fully navigable river), the Severn, the Clyde, the Dea. Surfare is mostly flat, that is with lowlands and if it is mountaneous it is chiefly in Scotland- the Scotish Highlands and partly in Wales. The highest peak is Ben Nevis in Scotland reising to the height of 4,000 feet ( 1300 metres).
Nevist ist data show that the number of inhabitants the country has is over 58 millions, i. e. ten times more then Slovakia. It is densely populated around the biggest towns, capital towns: London and the other we have mentioned above. The U. K. consists of four historical parts. In the past Britain was the most powerfull state in the world. The official name coverd also its collonies today“ dominions recognize at the head of their state Her Majesty Queen Elisabeth the second.