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Ancient theories in management
|Referát vhodný pre:||Stredná odborná škola||Počet A4:||2|
|Priemerná známka:||2.94||Rýchle čítanie:||3m 20s|
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talk about practices and conceptions of management and about universality of management.
5000 Sumerians Script, record keeping
4000 Egyptians Recognized need for planning, organizing and controlling
2700 Egyptians Recognized need for honesty or fair play in management. Therapy interview ‘get it off your chest’
2600 Egyptians Decentralization in organization.
2000 Egyptians Recognized need foe written word in request. Use of staff advice.
1800 Hammurabi Use of witnesses and writing for control; establishment of minimum wage; recognition that responsibility cannot be shifted.
1600 Egyptians Centralization in orfanization.
1491 Hebrews Concepts of organization, scalar principle, exception principle. 1100 Chinese Recognized need for organization, planning and controlling.
600 Nebuchadnezzar Production control and wage incentives.
500 Nencius Recognized need for systemsand standards.
Chinese Principle of specialization recognized.
Sun Tzu Recognized need for planning, directing and organizing.
400 Socrates Enunciation of universality of management.
In Roman Empire was good defined organization structure, which excellent helped communication and control. As the 2nd century B.C. was known job description and as the 50. B.C. qualification requirements for specific jobs.