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Streda, 17. apríla 2024
Ancient theories in management
Dátum pridania: 24.11.2003 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: sos
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 521
Referát vhodný pre: Stredná odborná škola Počet A4: 2
Priemerná známka: 2.94 Rýchle čítanie: 3m 20s
Pomalé čítanie: 5m 0s
Management as a practical activity exists a long time. Satisfactory evidences are buildings from which many of them we can admire nowadays for example: Egyptians pyramids, Chinese great wall, Colosseum, castles, cathedrals, and many others great buildings. This buildings must have been built by a thousands of workers or slaves and it is certain that they must have been leaded by someone. So in these activities should have been managerial activity. There should have been prepared project, planning and severing work, organizing work for ten thousands workers and control it, securing efforts, securing food for workers and many other things. Historians estimate that Egyptian pyramid has been building for 20 years by over 100 000 people so we can imagine that it was not only small decision making but one decision influenced thousands and thousands people.
Not only buildings are evidences of managers activities in ancient times. Historical documents are evidences that there were many other activities that needed managerial organizing and planning. It was leading religion activities, producing in organizing groups, military missions etc. In all of this and activities was used that what is today called management. Necessity of managerial activity is needed there where people works together.
In Summers empire ( 3000 B.C. ) they had written rules for leading empire and they knew written accounting. Something similar was in Babylonians empire ( 2700-500 B.C. )
Egyptians were using for building pyramids planning, controlling and organizing. The first pyramid was built in years 2630-2611 B.C..
When Judas were leaving Egypt they find out that it’s important to organize people in groups, make organizing hierarchy and delegate authority from one man to another’s men. In Bible is written that when Mosaic father-in-law Jetro saw how Moses is from morning to evening sitting and hearing witnesses and making verdicts also in small things, criticized him and told him, to dissociate Israeli into groups of 1000, 100, 50, 10 people and to each group affiliate chief, who would be judge and would make verdicts in small things and only in important things could man refer from higher institutes to Moses. For us is this maybe usual but it was great leap for mankind.
In ancient Greece Socrates as the 400 B.C.
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