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Artificial Intelligence - On Philosphy of
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|Referát vhodný pre:||Stredná odborná škola||Počet A4:||6.5|
|Priemerná známka:||2.98||Rýchle čítanie:||10m 50s|
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To the observer outside, whoever or whatever is inside the room is leading an intelligent conversation. But the man inside does not understand Chinese at all. He shows that a formal program is not enough to produce semantic understanding or intentionality. Searle would not argue that mind is not a machine, but would deny that the execution of an information-processing program is enough for any machine to duplicate the mind’s genuine understanding.
This leads to another philosophical question, and that is, whether the programmer must always be more intelligent than his/her creation. Or, does the intelligence of a machine show only the intelligence if its’ creator? Chinese room argument points to the affirmative stand to this problem. Saying this, there is a Christian argument why people cannot understand God and neither themselves completely – supposedly because it is the same situation as if a sculpture would understand the sculptor. This would mean that the AI can not understand itself and therefore can not act intentionally or have its’ own mind.
The last 50-60 years made it clear that the development in the information technology industry has been and most probably also will be tremendous. The trend of possibility of producing more and more intelligent machines is apparent, pronounced with the discoveries in the computer area as well as those in neuroscience and psychology. The public along with many scientists like to believe that it is merely a matter of time before artificial intelligence reaches the human levels of intelligence. Their basic argument is that any human act can be reduced to algorithms that can be imitated by a computer program. Admitting that this is possible, we would have to accept a lot if not all of the deterministic theory saying that humans are ‘only’ an assemblages of matter and energy that can be described by laws of science - denying the concept of free will. Nevertheless, this problem is being at least partially solved by introducing randomness into the behaviour of future androids .
The point in the history of mankind when our technology will cross the fundamental limits of human intelligence is called the ‘singularity’ (according to a similar concept used to describe a black hole).