Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic. -Arthur C. Clarke
The notion of artificial intelligence is a broad and extensive theme within the science of philosophy. Therefore it is not, and in fact cannot be, my intention here to introduce you to all aspects of this discipline. More willingly, I will briefly discuss the basic concepts of the subject such as the dispute over the definition of artificial intelligence and some problems arising from this topic in a rather popular way.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
It is a fact that we all have a certain idea of what an artificial intelligence (AI) should be like, but not many of us have really thought over this concept enough to tell exactly. This ambiguity in defining AI (depending on the definition of intelligence) can be found also in the work of scholars.
Therefore, I will use the recognized Encyclopedia Britannica (EB) defining artificial intelligence as “the ability of a digital computer or computer-controlled robot to perform tasks commonly associated with intelligent beings. The term is frequently applied to the project of developing systems endowed with the intellectual processes characteristic of humans, such as the ability to reason, discover meaning, generalize, or learn from past experience.”
This having said, artificial intelligence would have to perform tasks such as learning (ability to adapt to new circumstances), reasoning (drawing deductive and inductive inferences), problem solving (search through a range of possible actions in order to reach some predefined goal or solution), perception (recognition), and using language (communication). As Marvin Minsky argues, and I thought about this before working on this project actually, the understanding of the concept of intelligence shifts with the advance of technology. The more we know about ourselves the further the lower boundary of intelligence is. .. This would imply that creating a strong AI is not possible. According to Minsky, this is so, simply because the term intelligence always means for us those characteristics, that we still cannot scientifically describe.
An example could be found in the computers playing chess. A hundred years ago, nearly anyone would agree that a machine playing chess is intelligent.
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Artificial Intelligence - On Philosphy of
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