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Piatok, 1. marca 2024
Magic mushrooms
Dátum pridania: 30.11.2002 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: klokanman
 
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 1 405
Referát vhodný pre: Stredná odborná škola Počet A4: 4.7
Priemerná známka: 2.95 Rýchle čítanie: 7m 50s
Pomalé čítanie: 11m 45s
 

Wtat you will find in the Bible, however, are many curious references to a spiritual food sent down from heaven by God, called“ manna“. The Bible never tells us exactly what manna was and where it came from, but there are many Old Testament passages which describe its physical qualities and conditions associated with its appearance. The Bible's first reference to manna is in the Book of Exodus as the children of Israel are fleeing from Egypt and following Moses into the wilderness. After six weeks of wandering, they began complaining to Moses that they are tired and hungry. What happens next is truly extraordinary:“ Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will vain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law or no.“ (16:4).“ And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground“. (16: 14)“ And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another It is manna: for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the Lord hath given you to eat“. The fact is that manna easily fits the description of psilocybe mushrooms. For one thing, magic mushrooms are small and round, and since they sprout so rapidly they would seem to appear overnight, as if out of the sky. Also, anyone harvesting them would immediately notice that they turn blue where torn and have no roots, giving more reason to believe that the mushrooms were of celestial origin. In the story that manna does not just fall from heaven, but instead it is described as coming with the frost and dew, during the wet seasons. These are the precise weather conditions for mushrooms to thrive. And finally, manna is as a bread.“ (Edmond)
In the beginning of twentieth century interest in psychoactive mushrooms stirred.“ The teonanácatl was first identified as Lophophora williamsii or peyote, and it was thought that Sahagun had mistaken the cactus for mushrooms. Finally ethnobotanist Richard Evan Schultes and physician Plasius Paul Reko traveled for the mushrooms to Oaxaca, and collected specimens of Panaeolus sphinctrinus. They found out that mushroom ceremonies -- veladas -- were still being held in the area.“(Lycaeum-drug archives)
Information about the mushrooms soon spread. Psilocybin and psilocin were found and their analogues were synthesized. Experimentation with the mushrooms and the synthesized substances began and magic mushrooms were soon part of the 60's 'psychedelic' movement,“ i.e.
 
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