Travelling and exercises
Every day hundreds of people travel from one place to another. They travel to work, to school or on business. Many people travel for pleasure and travelling becomes one of the most popular hobbies. People can travel by these means of transport: by plane, by train, by bus, by coach, by car, by bicycle, by boat ship, by tram, by trolley-bus, by public transport, by balloons…
When people travel a long distance they usually travel by air. Travelling by air is exciting, fast, comfortable, relatively safe but rather expensive. In the 20. century it has become one of the most important means of transport. In countries like the USA where the people have to travel long distance travelling by air has become quite common. When people choose to travel by plane they usually go to or telephone to the airlines or travel agency to get information about flights as well as about reservations and cost of air tickets.
At the airport the passengers travelling abroad have to show their tickets and passports. An official weight of their luggage can be only 20 kg free of charge. The passengers must also go through the customs. For air traffic safety both people and luggage have to be checked and metal objects have to be detected. Then the passengers can go to the waiting room. When the aircraft is prepared for flight the announcer calls passengers to get ready and board the plane.
Travelling by train is the most common form of travelling. In our country trains are used daily by many people to and from work or school. They are cheap, less polluting, safe but not very clean and comfortable. This refers especially to slow trains that stop at every station. It can also be an advantage as the people have enough time to enjoy countryside. Fast trains are more comfortable for longer distances. They do not stop at every station. There are also a sleeping car and the dinning car in fast trains that make the travelling by train more pleasant. Our railway system urgently need reorganizing and modernizing as it is one of the most neglected and old-fashioned one in all Europe.
Coaches are buses for long distance travelling. They are fast, comfortable and the prices of ticket are quite reasonable. In our country many people prefer coaches to trains. During holidays the travel agencies offer many coach trips to the mountains or seaside resorts. There are regular coach lines connecting the capital of our country with most of European cities. Travelling by bus is relatively uncomfortable, because there are always many people and so you still have to stand and our buses are also dirty. Sometimes there are even pocket thieves, who steal money or homeless, who smell awfully. This means of transport is used by people who can not afford to buy their own car.
Travelling by car is more comfortable than travelling by bus, because you always sit. You can stop where you want and there is usually air-conditioning and heating. Form many people motoring is a pleasure. They enjoy driving a car at a high speed and do not think of the dangers of fast driving. It concerns especially the young drivers who contribute much to the accident rate that is very high in this country. The opinions on cars differ a lot. They range from positive to negative ones. The numbers of cars on our roads and highways grows higher and higher every year.
Many young people of all countries of the world like travelling by bike. Some go to school by bike, others prefer cycling as a sport or a hobby. In recent years many young people go for holiday trips by bike that is both healthy and exciting. This type of travelling depends much on weather and therefore summer is the best season for cycling tours.
1. Match the verbs in A with the definitions in B
a) to break down1. to manage to see or read something
b) to full over2. to find yourself in a place or situation that you had not intended
c) to hold up 3. to delay someone or something
d) to pull out4. to move or travel towards somewhere
e) to see someone off5. to stop working because of mechanical fallure (of a vehicle or machine)
f) to end up somewhere6. to to accompany someone to a place of departure and say goodbye
g) to pull up7. to slow down and stop a vehicle
h) to head for somewhere8. to drive a vehicle into a different or faster lane
i) to make something out9. to move a vehicle closer to the side of the road, either to stop or to allow other vehicles to pass
2. Match the following words and their definitions, there is one extra definition which you do not need to use
1 travel A the time spent and the distance covered in going from one place to another, especially if the distance is long
2 journeyB a short journey from one place to another
3 voyageC the general activity of moving from one place to another
4 tripD a long journey made by boat or ship, including spaceship
5 cruiseE a sail for pleasure and relaxation
6 routeF a chosen direction or line of travel
G a fixed way along which a bus, a train regularly travels
3. Read the instructions below and roleplay the following situation
A: your class is planning a five-day trip to London. Go to the travel agency, talk to the travel agent and find out the following information: transport, accommodation, food, insurance.
B: you work at a travel agency. Talk to the client and give information about trips to London you offer – package holidays, language courses and individual trips.
4. Create the end of the story with using fantasy – more than 5 sentences
One day John and Susan got the chance to privately visit an old Scottish castle. They had agreed and had a nice time there. It was late evening when they decided to leave but suddenly a huge thunderstorm started. Their tour guide said that regretfully they had to stay there during the night. There was not anything they could change about it so they were preparing to go to sleep. Fortunately castle was lighted with electric lamps. There was only one big bed in each room so Susan and John were alone in a huge creepy room full of old weaponry. At the time they were falling asleep. Suddenly they had heard a loud scream followed by a tremendous crach after which the lights feel out. They ran out of the room and …
5. Write a letter to your friend describing the best/the worst holiday you have had. Include the details of your journey to the place of your holiday, facilities the place has to, what you liked/disliked about the place.
6. Discuss the following questions.
- Do you get many foreign tourists in our country?
- What do they come to see? What do they come to do?
- What are the most popular towns for them to visit?
- What are the most popular places?
- Which countries do the tourists come from?
7. Here are some lines from conversations on different kinds of transport. Where does each conversation take place? Choose from the box.
car bus train plane ferry taxi underground boat
1. Excuse me, I think you’ll find those seats facing the front are ours.
2. Do you think it‘ll be a rough crossing.
3. Two to the British Museum, please. And could you possibly tell us when it’s our stop?
4. Can you take us to Euston Station, please?
5. I’ll get a couple of coffees from the buffet car.
6. That’s all right, you can keep the change.
7. No, no! He said turn left at the pub, not right!
8. Excuse me, are be landing on time?
9. Which line is it for Oxford Circus?
8. What happen at an airport - discussion
1. When you arrive at an airport, you should go straight to the check-in desk where your ticket and luggage are checked.
2. You keep your hand luggage with you but your suitcases are taken to the plane on a conveyor belt.
3. You can now go to the departure lounge. If you are on an international flight, your passport is checked, and then you and your bags x-ray by security cameras; sometimes you give a body search and your luggage is searched by a security officer
You wait in the departure lounge until your flight call and you tell which number gate to go to.
4. Finally you board your plane and you is shown to you seat by a flight attendant.
Workman G., Phrasal Verbs and Idioms, Oxford University Press 2001 -
Bérešová J., Hosszúová M., Macková M.; Nová maturita z angličtiny, Aktuell 2004 -
Soars L., Soars S.; New Headway, Oxford University Press 2001 -