1. COMPOUND SENTENCE
consists of two or more main clauses, which are independent on each other
clauses are connected by coordinating conjunctions (such as and, and then, but, for, nor, or, so, yet, either…or, neither…nor, not only…but), adverb or adverbial phrase
using these conjunctions we can express
- addition (and, neither…nor)
I washed the dishes and cleaned the kitchen
- continuation (and then)
I was reading a book and then I watched TV.
- contrast (but, yet)
John phoned this morning, but he didn’t leave a message.
- choice (or, either…or)
We can stay at home or have a dinner in a restaurant.
- result (so)
She didn’t show up at the party, so I went home.
- reason (for)
We don’t usually eat out, for we can’t afford it.
when the subject is identical in all parts of the sentence, it’s not necessary to repeat it
the subject is usually repeated after so
the subject must be repeated after for
there isn’t usually a comma in front of and
there is often a comma in front of other conjunctions
2. COMPLEX SENTENCE
consists of one main clause and one or more dependent clauses
dependent clause is subordinate to the main clause
clauses are connected by subordinate conjunctions (such as after, when, that, whether, since…), relative pronouns
there are three main types of dependent clauses
- nominal clauses
- relative clauses
- adverbial clauses
2.1 NOMINAL CLAUSE
may function as a subject, object or subject complement
there are four types of nominal clauses
- nominal declarative clauses
- nominal interrogative clauses
- nominal exclamative clauses
- nominal relative clauses
2.1.1. NOMINAL DECLARATIVE CLAUSE
derived from statement
sometimes called ‘that clauses’, because the typical conjunction for this type of clause is that
nominal declarative clause is often used after ‘reporting verbs’ (such as tell, say, know, think)
that can be usually omitted
It’s a shame (that) you have to leave.
2.1.2 NOMINAL INTERROGATIVE CLAUSE
derived from question
there are two types of nominal interrogative clauses
- derived from yes/no questions
- conjunctions if, whether
- used after ‘reporting verbs’ (such as tell, ask, want to know)
Ask her if she’s alright.
Ďaľšie referáty z kategórie
Compound, complex and multiple sentence
|Referát vhodný pre:||Stredná odborná škola||Počet A4:||2.9|
|Priemerná známka:||2.97||Rýchle čítanie:||4m 50s|
|Pomalé čítanie:||7m 15s|
Zdroje: Alexander, L. G. : Longman English Grammar Practice, London, Longman 1993, Dušková, L. : Mluvnice současné angličtiny na pozadí češtiny, Praha, Academia 1994