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Štvrtok, 9. februára 2023
Malacky and its surrounding, Záhorie
Dátum pridania: 15.04.2004 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: amik
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 1 065
Referát vhodný pre: Stredná odborná škola Počet A4: 3.4
Priemerná známka: 2.98 Rýchle čítanie: 5m 40s
Pomalé čítanie: 8m 30s
Welcome in Záhorie, frontier piece of land in the west of Slovakia. It is a region of natural beauties, possessions of earth, thermal healing waters, plains, foothills and hills covered by woods. Malokarpatské chrbty create natural south-east borders of this region, which was for its position named Záhorie. Through cultural and architectonical relics we can still see the tradition of markets and music. „Záhoráci“ protect their songs and folklore.
The town of Malacky lies in the center of Záhorská nížina. Region is a part of the Morava River area with its creeks Rudava and Malina. From Lozorno to Šaštín lies characteristic territory of Záhorie - Bor, created with pine woods. There are Záhorské pláňavy in the east, Lakšárska pahorkatina in the north, in the north Podmalokarpatská zníženina beneath Karpaty.
Average height above the sea level of this part of Záhorie moves from 138 m to 250 m above the sea level, in the region of Malé Karpaty it is slightly above 700 m above sea level. Average year temperature is 9-10 degrees, the hottest month is July with 19,4 degrees, the coldest one is January with 1,8 degrees. Rainfalls are at average rate of 560 mm. Záhorie is the area with hot and mild wet climate with mild winters.
Border with Austria is almost exactly conservated region. You can find there the nest of rare sorts of birds, rich flora and large meads and forests. There arent bigger beasts there, rare beaver, otter and water-rat lives in clean waters of Záhorie. On Záhorie are registered above 200 sorts of birds, around 60 sorts of mammals, 51 sorts of fish, 13 sorts of amphibians and 7 sorts of reptiles here. The remains of flooded forests are full of willows and poplars, flooded areas and large nets of both running and standing waters.
Záhorie is attractive from fungologic view too. This region was declared to CHKO Záhorie in year 1989. It protectes unique flooded forests, wet meads, swamps, lakes and mosses, that are changing with sand-dunes.
Záhorie is also rich in natural results. There are underground reservoires of natural gas, the stone mines, big bearings of limestone. Large supplies of underground wells are for now used only in the baths of Smrdáky (north of Senica) for curing different kinds of diseases.
After establishing of Ugrian Kingdom Záhorie became a part of a boundary zone named konfínium, that neighboured with Czech Kingdom and Austria. In 12. and 13. century kings began to divide the land and gave it to their well-wishers.
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