Full-time education is compulsory for all children between the ages of 5 and 16. Over 90% of all schoolchildren attend schools maintained from public funds (verejné postriedky) There are some nursery schools (kindergartens) for children between 2 and 5 years old, but their number is insufficient.
Primary education is given to children between the ages of 5 and 11. Primary schools are usually divided into infant schools for children between the ages of 5 and 7 (grade 1), and junior schools for children aged 7 to 11 (grade 2)
Secondary education is provided through grammar schools, comprehensive schools (všeobecná stredná škola) and secondary modern schools. Pupils at grammar schools remain there until 18 or 19 years old, especially if they want to go on to university. Secondary school pupils may take examinations leading to the Certificate of Secondary Education (CSE) or the General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE). Advance level of GCSE is called A – level and it is standard for entrance the universities. The candidates who have been most successful in their “A“ levels, or who make a good personal impression are usually accepted by the universities.
Higher education (postschool education) comprises (zahrňuje): 1) universities; 2) teacher training; 3) advanced courses in further education.
The universities are self-governing institutions. The English universities can be divided into three groups :
1. Oxford and Cambridge – the oldest and the most famous.
2. Redbrick Universities – were founded in the 19th century
3. The new universities opened after 1960.
Over 90% of students in higher education are aided (vypomáhajú si) from public funds. The amount (hodnota) of the awards depends on the income of the student and his parents.
Students who are studying for a degree are called undergraduates. Those who have passed their examinations and have been awarded a degree are graduates. Most universities differentiate between arts and science titles, and award the degrees of Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.), Master of Arts (M.A.), and Master of Science (M.Sc.). These titles are put after a person’s name.
Subjects taught at schools are: English, Math, Science, History, Technology, Music, Art, Physical education, languages etc. Education in the U.S.
Compulsory education in all the states begins at the age of 6, in some states attendance is required to the age of 16, 17, or 18.
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Education in Great Britain
|Referát vhodný pre:||Stredná odborná škola||Počet A4:||2.5|
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|Education in Great Britain||SOŠ||2.9314||1082 slov|