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Marcela
Sobota, 15. augusta 2020
Castle Hluboká
Dátum pridania: 26.05.2003 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: Stromek
 
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 597
Referát vhodný pre: Stredná odborná škola Počet A4: 2
Priemerná známka: 3.00 Rýchle čítanie: 3m 20s
Pomalé čítanie: 5m 0s
 
The oldest predecessor to the present-day chateau was an early Gothic castle built around 1250. In the Middle Ages the castle was alternately an aristocratic property and a site of royal administration. In 1562 King Ferdinand I sold Hluboká together with inheritance rights to the Lords of Hradec who changed the castle into a Renaissance stately home. A century later the Hluboká estate was bought off by Jan Adolf I of Schwarzenberg, a noted European diplomat and the founder of the family branch, which had stayed in South Bohemia for almost three hundred years. At the beginning of the 18th century Prince Adam František, Jan Adolf's grandson, had the chateau rebuilt in Baroque style by P. I. Bayer and his successor E. Martinelli.
In the latter half of the 19th century Prince Jan Adolf II and his wife Eleonora ordered another reconstruction, this time in the Romantic style. After their return, they invited a Viennese architect Franz Beer to take charge of the rebuilding project. In 1840 the demolition of the castle proceeded from the back wing towards the entrance gate and, in the course of time, its Baroque style gradually changed into the picturesque style of Tudor Gothic. It should be noted that Hluboká castle used to be surrounded by a large settlement, which had been removed before the reconstruction began. Another architect, Ferdinand Deworetsky, also played a prominent role in the castle's reconstruction when he took control of the work after Beer's death. The reconstruction was completed in 1871. Although the Schwarzenbergs never lived in Hluboká permanently, they maintained it with great care. In 1939 the last owner of Hluboká, Prince Adolf Schwarzenberg, left for Italy to escape the Nazis and subsequently moved to the United States. Since he did not return after the war, the possessions of the Schwarzenberg's inheritance by birthright were placed under then the Czechoslovak state administration and later, under the law introduced by the state in 1947, became the property of the then Czechoslovak Republic.
Hluboká is without a doubt one of the most beautiful castles in Bohemia. The walls and ceilings of the stately halls on the first story of the castle are panelled with precious wood with unusually rich workmanship and carving decoration.
 
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