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The United States of America
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Northern states were mainly industrial. The northern states won and five days after the war ended president Abraham Lincoln was killed. In 1941 the United States entered the Second World War after the Japanese attack on Pear Harbor. Harry Truman was a president in this time. He was responsible for dropping atomic bombs on Japan. The first atom bomb exploded over Hiroshima on 6th August and the second over Nagasaki three days later. After World War II the United States has become the most powerful nation of the world. America had also great inventors for example: In 1837 Samuel Morse invented a new way of sending messages. The first message was sent from San Francisco to Washington. In 1876 Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone. He was an emigrant from Scotland.
The other famous inventor was Thomas Edison. He invented the bulb and the microphone. The most famous presidents were: John F. Kennedy. He was much concerned for human rights and social justice. He was assassinated during his tour to Dallas in 1963. This crime has never been solved. The other presidents: James Carter, Roland Regan, George Bush. America had 42 presidents and George Busch is 43rd. The System of Government
The system of American Government is based on the principles established in the Constitution written in 1787 and in the Bill of Rights. The Constitutions divides the power of the government into three branches - the Executive Brach, the Legislative Branch and the Judicial Branch.
The Executive Branch is headed by the President. The President is chosen in national election for four years and may be reelected for another four years. The President also appoints federal judges, ambassadors and government official. The Legislative Branch -Congress- consists of the Senate and the House of Representatives. Each Senator is elected for six years and each representative for two years. The House of Representatives has 435 members. Congress must approve bills before they become law
The Judicial Branch is headed by the Supreme Court, which consists of the Chief Justice of the United States and eight Associate Justices. The Supreme Court decides whether laws are constitutional.
American Customs and Traditions
The United States is a young country. Its written history only a few hundred years old. Americans are interested in old traditions, but they are good at making new traditions too. The people of the U.S.A are mixture of many different nationalities.
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