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Štvrtok, 1. decembra 2022
Graham Swift Postmodernism in Graham Swift's
Dátum pridania: 31.03.2002 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: Diva
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 3 305
Referát vhodný pre: Stredná odborná škola Počet A4: 9.7
Priemerná známka: 2.98 Rýchle čítanie: 16m 10s
Pomalé čítanie: 24m 15s

Ray's voice is the most prominent, he also narrates the chapters relating to the progress of the journey and its various detours. The second most frequently heard voice is that of Vince, followed by Lenny and Vic. Amy, Jack's wife, who along with Jack is a frequent presence in the memories of the four men, is also given a share in the narrative. Two single chapters are allotted to Mandy, Vince's wife, and one to Jack himself.
Amy declines to join the men's tour, which she had asked Ray to organise at Jack's request. She is on her own, different journey, visiting her daughter June. June has been living in an institution for the mentally disabled all her life. While Amy has been visiting her regularly twice a week, Jack decided, at an early stage, to ignore the existence of his daughter. Amy's recollections revolve around the conflicts arising from these different choices and traces them to their beginnings - to her first encounter with Jack.
The narrative frame follows the chronological - and geographical - sequence of the day trip from London to Margate, which is frequently interrupted by the memories of the seven narrators. The journey - and its cause: Jack's recent death, another absence - serves as the frame for the gradual emergence of a net of relationships, of intertwined histories in this local community. This frame is signalled by the chapter headings with place names, which trace the movements of the four friends in a very visual way, almost like road signs flashing up: Bermondsey; Old Kent Road; New Cross; Blackheath; Dartford etc.
The narration of this novel ranges from personal through reflector and stream of consciousness technique to camera eye technique. However, it is necessary to mention that all these techniques overlap, interrupt and support each other. Camera eye technique is employed mainly through Ray especially when he is narrating situations related to the progress of the journey:
“ It aint like your regular sort of day. Bernie pulls me a pint and puts it in front of me. He looks at me, puzzled, with his loose, doggy face but he can tell I don’t want no chit-chat. That’s why I’m here, five minutes after opening, for a little silent pow-wow with a pint glass. He can see the black tie, though it’s four days since the funeral. I hand him a fiver and he takes it to the till and brings back my change. He puts the coins, extra gently, eyeing me, on the bar beside my pint.
‘Won’t be the same.’
I say, ‘You aint seen the last of him yet.’
He says, ‘You what?’
I sip the froth off my beer. ‘I said you aint seen the last of him yet.’ “
/Last Orders, p.
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