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Streda, 17. augusta 2022
George Washington biography
Dátum pridania: 17.03.2002 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: Barca
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 1 944
Referát vhodný pre: Stredná odborná škola Počet A4: 6.4
Priemerná známka: 2.94 Rýchle čítanie: 10m 40s
Pomalé čítanie: 16m 0s

This times the people celebrated anniversary (more than decade) of Declaration of Independence with The Liberty Bell atop Philadelphia's Independence Hall. The delegates set up the first draft for a new Constitution. It gave the federal government the power to tax, regulate trade, and issue money. An Electoral College chosen by the people will elect president of the United States for a four-year term. The legislature would be consisting of two houses: a Senate (two members from each state), a House of Representatives (the number of members would depend on the each state's population). A Supreme Court would be there with members appointed for life by the president. A system checks and balances would be divided among three branches: executive (the president), the legislative (the two houses of Congress), and the judicial (the Supreme Court). On September 17, 1787 framers wrote the Constitution. But it still had to be ratified, or approved by at least 9 of the 13 states. These ratification debates in the states were long and bitter. Opponents of the Constitution called 'Antifederalists' argued that Philadelphia convention had exceeded its authority, the document will lack a Bill of Rights (such as freedom of speech, freedom of religion, personal liberties). The 'Federalists' who were for ratification of the constitution were promising to support a series of amendments and provide the Bill of Rights. In June 1788 New Hampshire ratified the Constitution. During the ratification, George Washington became a first president of the U.S.A. on April 30, 1789 in New York City. The historic ceremony at Federal Hall begins with the oath where Robert Livingston, chancellor (highest judicial officer) of the state of New York is asking Washington: "Do you solemnly swear, that you will faithfully execute the office of president of the United States and will, to the best of your ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States?" He answers:"I do solemnly swear, so help me God." He kisses a Bible placed before him. "George Washington is the president of the United States!" people cheer and shout. John Adams is first vice-president of the U.S.A. Washington was a famous man, and the citizens liked him. He was a good commander, soldier, and delegate, but also president. Meanwhile his government the people were satisfied, he treated fair everybody. He agreed to be placed in nomination for a second term. Electoral College voted in February 1793, and on February 13, 1793 Washington was reelected. Him and John Adams (vice-president) took the office again.
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