Ďaľšie referáty z kategórie
Slovak National Revival
|Jazyk:||Počet slov:||1 692|
|Referát vhodný pre:||Stredná odborná škola||Počet A4:||6.4|
|Priemerná známka:||3.01||Rýchle čítanie:||10m 40s|
|Pomalé čítanie:||16m 0s|
The revivalists formed 2 separate groups:
CATHOLICS- supporters of the Slovak language as a written language, they believed that the Slovaks form an individual tribe of the Slavonic nation
PROTESTANTS- supporters of the Czech of the Kralická Bible (so-called Bibličtina) as a written language, they believed that the Slovaks are the part of
a Czechoslovak tribe
FIRST PHASE (1780 – 1820)
- the 1-st generation of the revivalists supported reforms of Joseph II., the source of their national pride was the Cyrilo-Methodian tradition
- 1783-1787- "Prešpurské noviny" were being published in Bratislava- the 1-st Slovak newspaper (written in Bibličtina)
CATHOLIC INTELLIGENTSIA (Bernolák’s group) AND THE LINGUISTIC QUESTION
- the 1-st person who tried to codify the Slovak language was JOZEF IGNÁC BAJZA
the basis of this language was the Western Slovak dialect
he wrote the 1-st Slovak novel called "Adventures and Experiences of Young Man René"
he was not successful in creating a linguistic groundwork for “his” language, therefore he did not find enough followers
- the 1-st man who codified the Slovak language was ANTON BERNOLÁK (Bernolák’s written language is also known as Bernolákovčina)
the basis of this language was the cultural Western Slovak dialect used by scholars at the University of Trnava
the main codification work: "Philological-Critical Treatise on Slovak letters"
another linguistic work: "Slovak Grammar"
he prepared a pentalingual dictionary: "Slovak-Czech-Latin-German-Hungarian Dictionary"
he created a well-elaborated linguistic groundwork for “his” language
- 1792- the followers of Anton Bernolák (Bernolák’s group) established the SLOVAK LEARNED SOCIETY in Trnava
the chairman: Anton Bernolák
the secretary: JURAJ FÁNDLY- the most productive writer of the Society
-> his works:"The Confidential Agreement between the Monk and the Devil"
"The diligent householder and the field farmer
the main aim: to publish enlightenment and religious literature in Bernolák’s written language
- significance of Bernolák’s movement: the codification of the Slovak written language; putting together the conception of the Slovaks as an individual Slavonic tribe
PROTESTANT INTELIGENTSIA AND THE LINGUISTIC QUESTION
- they were supporters of using Bibličtina as a written language, they advocated the idea of the Slovaks being the part of a Czechoslovak tribe
- they cooperated with the representatives of the Czech National Movement, such as JOSEF DOBROVSKÝ
- 1785- they established the SLAVONIC SOCIETY in Banská Bystrica (the initiators: Ondrej Plachý, Juraj Ribay)
- 1803- they established the DEPARTMENT OF CZECHO-SLOVAK ANGUAGE AND LITERATURE at the Evangelical Lyceum in Bratislava (the initiators:Professor Juraj Palkovič, Bohuslav Tablic)
After the defeat of Napoleon, the victorious powers (so-called Saint Alliance: Russia, Prussia & Austria) at the Congress of Vienna (1815) decided to prevent any further revolutionary and social movements in Europe. During and after the Napoleonic Wars, the authority of Russia increased, while she was the one who bore the main burden of fighting with Napoleon. Also the authority of Austria was strengthened, particularly the authority of her Chancellor Metternich, who was the main character of the Congress of Vienna. In Austria METTERNICH established tough centralist regime- the power was concentrated in the Vienna royal court, especially in the hands of the Chancellor. This evoked hostility in Hungary against Vienna and increased the efforts to detach from Austria and create an independent Hungarian State.
Zdroje: MANNOVÁ, Elena: A Concise History of Slovakia. Academic Economic Press 2000, BARTl, Július: Dejepis pre 2. ročník gymnázií- Národné dejiny. Slovenské pedagogické nakladateľstvo 2002