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Slovak National Revival
|Jazyk:||Počet slov:||1 692|
|Referát vhodný pre:||Stredná odborná škola||Počet A4:||6.4|
|Priemerná známka:||3.01||Rýchle čítanie:||10m 40s|
|Pomalé čítanie:||16m 0s|
- they concentrated on the unification of the two camps of the Slovak National Revival
- they tried to improve the social position of the ordinary Slovak people, in whom they saw the basis of the national movement (they considered the feudalism a great evil, which had to be eliminated) -> they fought against ignorance and alcoholism by establishing Sunday schools, libraries and the societies of moderation
- the centre of their activities was the EVANGELICAL LYCEUM IN BRATISLAVA and the DEPARTMENT OF CZECHO-SLOVAK LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE
- 1829- the CZECHO-SLOVAK SOCIETYwas established at the Lyceum in BA
the founders: Karol Štúr, Samo Chalupka
the 1-st chairman: Professor Juraj Palkovič,
the chairman in years 1835-1837: Ľudovít Štúr
the Society concentrated on national-revivalistic activities
April 24, 1836- it organized a memorial trip to Devín (“the residence of the Slovak kings”)- here the Slovak nationalists swore their faithfulness to the Slovak nation and they received Slavonic names (Štúr- Velislav, Hurban and Hodža- Miloslav)
1836- the Society published the almanac "Plody"
-1837-1840- the 2-nd centre of the national movement was the secret society SOLIDARITY
the initiator: A. B. Vrchovský
the main aim: to fight against feudalistic oppression
- the beginning of 1840’s- radicalization of the Magyarization movement- the main representatives: LAJOS KOSSUTH, in the evangelical church life- KAROL ZAI
- 1842- the petition against Magyarization (so-called SLOVENSKÝ PRESTOLNÝ PROSBOPIS) was handed over to the Emperor FERDINAND V. (1835-1848) by
the Slovak delegation -> this evoked the strong opposition of the Hungarian church leaders, which resulted in the dismissal of Ľ. Štúr from the post of the deputy of Professor J. Palkovič at the Ev. Lyceum in Bratislava
- July 1843- Ľ.ŠTÚR, HURBAN and HODŽA codified a new form of the Slovak written language in the Hurban’s presbytery in Hlboké
the basis of this language was the central Slovak dialect
the 1-st book published in this language: almanac "Nitra" (1844)
the reasons for codifying the new language were explained by Ľ. Štúr in the work: "The Slovak Dialect or the Need of Writing in This Dialect"
1846- Ľ: Štúr published the grammar of the new Slovak written language: "Teaching of the Slovak Language"
against the new form of the Slovak written language was JÁN KOLLÁR- he explained it in the work: "The Voices of the Need of Unity in the Written Language for the Czechs, the Moravians and the Slovaks" (1846)
- 1844- the most important national cultural society of the Slovaks- TATRÍN was established in Liptovský Svätý Mikuláš
the chairman: M. M. Hodža
it supported Sunday schools, the societies of moderation, the publishing of enlightenment literature, it formed the basis of the national museum collection
- 1845- Ľ. Štúr started to publish the 1-st Slovak political newspaper: "Slovak National Newspaper" (written in Štúr’s written language)
- 1846- J. M. Hurban started to publish a literary-scientific magazine: "Slovak Views"
- 1847- Ľ. Štúr became the deputy of the town Zvolen in the Hungarian Parliament
-Štúr’s program was gradually joined by the representatives of the Bernolák’s group,such as JÁN PALÁRIK, ANDREJ RADLINSKÝ and MARTIN HATTALA
» they joined it officially at the MEETING OF TATRÍN IN ČACHTICE in 1847- at this meeting both confessional camps agreed to use Štúr’s Slovak language as an official written language -> this act completed the national unification of the Slovaks.
Zdroje: MANNOVÁ, Elena: A Concise History of Slovakia. Academic Economic Press 2000, BARTl, Július: Dejepis pre 2. ročník gymnázií- Národné dejiny. Slovenské pedagogické nakladateľstvo 2002