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A Political History of UN Security Council Resolution 1441
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|Referát vhodný pre:||Stredná odborná škola||Počet A4:||10.4|
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As some said, this would “avoid the games of cat and mouse that have characterized inspections over the last 10 years”. But, there might arise a problem over decision-making authority when the force is to be deployed. Leadership of the Security Council would have made the forces absolutely inflexible, because in such a particular case as in Iraq every hour could be fatal. And, as well, the coercive inspections might lead Saddam Hussein to delay and stymie the inspection process.
3. Limited Air Campaign
The use of air power had been a central feature in nearly every campaign fought for by the US, but the precise nature remains uncertain. A limited campaign similar to the Desert Fox could possibly be used in order to coerce Iraq into compliance.
4. Extensive Air Campaign
Adherents of this scheme believed a more prolonged air campaign would be required to reduce the threat posed by Iraq and its WMD programs. They would call for destruction of Iraqi front line defenses, sites identified in the production of WMD and any further deployed units.
The air campaign alone, however, has some difficulties. First, it is not very efficient when the opponent’s army is widely dispersed and well concealed. And second, this approach might still not be enough for the regime change, which was (and still is) to American administration one of the objectives beside Iraq’s disarmament .
5. The ‘Afghan’ option
This option saw its’ model in the US-led campaign against the Taliban in Afghanistan. It would count with the support of the Iraqi opposition forces in the north and the south of the country (namely Kurds and Shias) .
Critics argued that the disparity between the military power of the Iraqi opposition and the government is too big. In Afghanistan, the Northern Alliance and the Taliban had similar forces in terms of training and equipment. In Iraq, on the contrary, most opposition forces are poorly trained and lightly armed guerillas. Moreover, the Afghan opposition’s distaste for Taliban seemed to be much stronger than that in Iraq. Furthermore, international situation among the Afghanistan neighbors was much more favorable for the regime change, than it is in the Middle East. It is so, because Turkey and the Gulf states might be unwilling to grant the use of their bases for the military operation (as is happening in Turkey right now), which is for successful operation in Iraq crucial. 6. Air campaign and limited ground intervention
US Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and other leading Pentagon officials were advocates of an air campaign with a limited ground intervention.