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Utorok, 17. septembra 2019
Travelling
Dátum pridania: 14.03.2006 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: Pdanno
 
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 1 106
Referát vhodný pre: Gymnázium Počet A4: 3.5
Priemerná známka: 2.97 Rýchle čítanie: 5m 50s
Pomalé čítanie: 8m 45s
 
Travelling is a way how to get somewhere. It’s good method of learning more about foreign countries, people and their customs. Main reason of travelling is relax – people want to get away from daily stereotype, let their work and get rid of stress. The choice of holiday resort depends on money and our interests. Travelling doesn’t depend on seasons – we travel for the whole year.The famous destinations in winter are mountains – Tatras, Alps. People do there winter sports like skiing, snowboarding, ski touring, ice skating. In summer people travel to seaside resorts. The famous resorts are Egypt, Croatia, Italy, France, Spain, Greece... If you don’t like lying on the beach, you can spend your holiday in big cities. The cities like Paris or London offer many atractions for young and old visitors. You won’t be bored there. You can visit museums, galleries, theatres, or go shopping.

Many people travel further – to U.S.A. or Japan. Las Vegas in USA is well known as a city of entertainment and fun. People go there to spend their money in casinos and visit shows or musicals. It is acommodated with unique and comfortable hotels. Each hotel is built in different style – Egyptian, Parisian, medieval, Venetian... Everything starts at night, but you can gamble all day.
If we want to get somewhere, we use transport.

We know many types of transportation:
Car - We use it for individual transport. It can be used for short or longer distances. You can move independently. Trunk offers place for your laguage so you can carry more than in bus or plane. Cars aren’t used only for transport - they can offer accomodation too. These cars are called caravans. In caravan it is place to sleep, small kitchen and bathroom. If you drive caravan you don’t have to pay for hotel, you pay only for electricity and wather, which are pluged in your vehicle in camp. In Slovakia it isn’t cheap to run a car. Drivers have to pay much money for car insurance, tax discs and fuel. In spite of this, number of cars rises. The highest number of cars is in USA, where one family owns two or more cars.

Statistics say, that travelling by car is the most dangerous type of transport.
Plane – It’s the fastest way of transport. We save time by flying. For example – flight to London takes two hours and jurney by coach takes two days. Flying is very comfortable mean of transport. Passagers can watch Tv or listen to music. Stewards give them drink and meal so they aren’t hungry or thirsty. People think, that flying is very dangerous, but it’s safer than driving a car. Travelling by air is more expensive than travelling by coach. Passagers of plane have to follow the rules. They aren’t allowed to smoke or use mobile phones on a board. They are controlled before they enter the plane. Security is tight after the 11th of September 2001. Many people are afraid of flying after terrorist attacks.

Public transport - It can be bus, tram, underground or trolley bus. We use it in everyday life. In rush hour it’s better to use underground, because of traffic jams. London has got a special type of buses - double deckers. For tourists it’s an interesting experience to travel by this type of bus. Double deckers are one of the many symbols of London. Sightseeing tours are popular in big cities. Tourists sit in a bus and watch sights. Very simillar are river cruises. Passagers can watch city from different view and listen to a guide.

Train – It’s the least poluting mean of transport, because locomotive uses electricity for propulsion. Passagers can watch countryside from train. They can eat in dinning car or sleep in sleeping car. It’s safer than car. In Japan and France people travel by bullet trains. Average speed of these trains is more than 200 kilometres per hour. Slovaks travel by old trains, which aren’t so fast and tickets are expensive. Nowadays, people combine transport. They travel by train and they transport by their car too. They use cars only for holiday location and a long trip home is taken by train.

Foot and bike – It’s the healthiest variant of travelling. You can take tours wherever and whenever you want. You don’t have to wait for bus or train and you don’t have to pay anything. Tourists use trails, which are signed, so they can’t get lost. They can buy maps and organize own trips. Disadvantage is weather, so it’s better to take umbrella or rain cape if it rains.

Before travelling
You should organize your holiday. You should have enough money for travelling. Travel agency will orgnize everything for you. It secures accomodation and transport for a good prize. Travel agencies offer last minute tours, which are cheaper. You can arrange your holiday by the internet, where you can book a room in a hotel or find information about your destination. People are often nervous before vacation, because they have to leave their home and known places. And when they arrive to destination, they enjoy free time and they adapt easier. After holiday they are depressed, because they have to work again and live normal life.
Advantages of travelling

Economical profit
People travel from place to place. They use means of transport and pay for it. They pay for accomodation and meal. They spend money for souvenirs and shopping. Turism income comprises part of national budget. Travel may be reason of improving infrastructure and services. Better services – more tourists.

New knowledges and experiences
Travellers want to know more about culture and customs of visited country. Travelling is reason to study language and holiday abroad gives us opportunity to practise language and learn phrases, which aren’t written in textbooks. As well tourists can try typical food and find new tastes. Visitors can watch historic buildings and get new knowledges about interesting place. They can be inspired and implement ideas in homeland.

Health
Tourists, who spend holiday in mountains or seaside improve their health. Sea water prevents skin problems. People, who have got asthma go to mountains for a curing.

Disadvantages
Pollution and damaging nature
Many places were damaged by turism. Nature is polluted by emissions from traffic. Animals are killed by cars. Forests are hewed, because people want to build new hotels or skislopes. Higher number of people means a lot of trash. People eat forest fruits and animals can’t find enough food. Skiing can cause landslides.
I think, we should travel, because it’s a natural way of learning and television can’t show us everything, what we can see by our sight . Everyone should leave stereotype and relax once in a while.
 
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