William Shakespeare was born on 23rd April 1564 in Stradford-upon-Avon in central England. He was the third child of Mary Arden and John Shakespeare. William was 18 years old, when he married Anne Hathaway (she was 8 years older). They had 3 children, 1 boy and 2 girls, but their son Hamnet died in childhood. He was an actor, who had appeared in secondary roles, before he became playwright. In the first half of 1590s, Shakespeare became playwright for actors in "Lord Chamberlain's company". Group often played in front of queen Elizabeth I. Then, when James I replaced Queen Elizabeth, the company recalled "The king's Men". Since 1600 until 1613, when the theatre called "The Globe" burnt down, William wrote tragedies. William died in Stradford in 1616 probably on his birthday.
Shakespeare's earliest works were long poems and sonnets. He wrote 37 plays. At first he wrote his first comedies (The Two Gentlemen of Verona, A Midsummer-Night's Dream,…) than several historical plays (1st Part of King Henri VI,…). In the second period he wrote his great comedies (As You Like It, The Merry Wives Of Windsdor,…), English History plays (The Life of King Henri V,…) and his famous tragedy Romeo and Juliet. In the third period he wrote tragedies (Macbeth, Hamlet, Othello). His father and one son had died. After that he sad. He began writing romances and symbolic tales (King Of Britain, The winter's tale,…).
Claudius, Hamlet's uncle married Queen-Hamlet's mother, when Hamlet'father died. The ghost of dead king appears to Hamlet and tells him about his murder and demands vengeance. He looked how to destroy Claudius, but Ophelia-Hamlet's love didn't want it. Then he, by mistake, killed Polonius (Ophelia's father). Hamlet was sent to England. He returned to Denmark, because Ophelia, who became mad, drown. Laertes, Ophelia's brother, killd Hamlet by poisoned sword, but Hamlet killed both of them before he died. Hamlet's mother died after she drank poisoned wine prepared for Hamlet by Claudius.
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William Shakespeare biography
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