The USA are situated in southern part of North America. It´s neighbours are Canada on north, Mexico on south and the Russia in Alaska.
Central plains are bounded by the Rocky Mountains and the Coastal Mountains to west, the Appalachian Mountains to east. The highest mountain in the USA is Mount McKinley in the Alaska Range which is 6194 m high.
The largest rivers are the Mississippi and the Missouri. The border with Canada is in it´s central part made by the Great Lakes Region. USA share with Canada Lake Superior, Huron, Erie and Ontario.
There are many national parks in the USA, especially in Rocky Mountains Region (e.g. Yellowstone, Grand Canyon...).
The USA population is about 245 million. There are 106 major ethnic groups in America today. America is sometimes called „melting pot“ or the „salad bowl“, or the „Pizza“, because people living here are of all possible oringins and the races can mix together. Now there are about 79% white peole, 12% black people, 1.5% Asian and Pacific islanders and 0.6% American Indians and Eskimos.
The main language spoken here is American English but various ethnic minorities speak their original languages (Chinese, Spanish).
The main industrial items are manufacturing steel, car industry, electronics, machinery, clothing. Nearly half of the country is a farmland, however only 21% is arable. The main agriculture products are corn, soybeans, wheat, cotton, tobacco, cattle breeding, fruit and vegetables. The USA is rich in the following mineral resources: coal, copper, lead, uranium, gold, iron mercury, oil.
GOVERNMENT TYPE AND ADMINISTRATION
The USA is a republic with the President as the head of the state. It is a federation of 50 states with 48 on the continent, Alaska in the north and Hawaii in the Mid – Pacific south – west of San Francisco. There is also one district, D.C: - District of Columbia – it means the land of Columbus – this territory is not a state, the state capitol is situated here. The largest state is Texas, the smallest Rhode Island. The capital is Washington, D.C.
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The United States of America
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