The U.S.A are situated in southern part of the North America and is bounded to the north by Canada, to the west by the pacific Ocean, to the south by Mexico and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. Territory of USA is around 9mil sqkm. The highest mountain is Mouth McKinley in the Alaska. The largest rivers are the Mississippi and Missouri. Famous lakes are placed in Great Lakes Region near Canada. Lakes Superior, Huron, Erie and Ontario share the USA with Canada. There are many nationals’ parks in the USA, especialy in the Rocky Mountains Region e.g.Yellowstone, Grand Canyon.
Climate. There is big variation of climate. Temperatures change from the artic cold in northern Alaska to subtropical warmth of Hawaii and the Gulf Coast States.
Population is around 250mil mostly of European origin and also of Afro-American, American Indian, Japenese, Chinese and order origin. Aroun 79 percent of inhabitants live in urban areas. About 14% of the population are classified as non-white. The American Indians account only about 0.3% of population. Official language is American English, but various ethnic minorities speak their original languages. American English differs from British English in vocabulary, pronunciation and spelling. (Color, program) The USA is a federation of 50 states including Alaska and Florida (Alaska is separated from the continental U.S.A by Canada. Hawaii is situated halfway between America and the Asian continent). The most densely populated are the northeastern states of NY, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Ohio and Michigan. This region includes some of the greatest cities, e.g. NY (14mil people) Washington D.C., the capital of USA, Philadelphia, and the biggest industrial centres, e.g. Chicago and Detroit. The northeast is centre of industry. The most important products are coal, oil, natural gas, iron, steel and glass. Each state is theoretically sovereign having its own constitution and government.
Northern region of the USA is called New England. Its region, where some of first colonists settled. (Traditions, architucture) Some of famous universities e.g. Harvard and Yale are in New England
In the center of US territory is Midwest. It’s famous for plains of wheat (pšenica) and tornadoes.
The Southern states e.g. Missisippi, Lousiana, Arkansas are mainly agricultural growing cotton and tobacco. There were used Negro slaves to work on plantations.
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United States of America
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