– Všetko čo študent potrebuje
Pondelok, 11. decembra 2023
Banská Bystrica
Dátum pridania: 07.12.2002 Oznámkuj: 12345
Autor referátu: dofo
Jazyk: Angličtina Počet slov: 574
Referát vhodný pre: Stredná odborná škola Počet A4: 1.9
Priemerná známka: 2.97 Rýchle čítanie: 3m 10s
Pomalé čítanie: 4m 45s
My home town is Banká Bystrica, the town under The Urpín Hill. This town belongs among the nicest and the biggest towns in the Slovak Republic. It has above 85,000 inhabitants. Banská Bystrica is located on both banks of the River Hron between the three mountain ranges of the Central Slovakia: the Low Tatras, the Big Fatras and the Slovak Rudohorie.
Banská Bystrica has very interesting history. The Hungarian king Belo IV. granted charters to Banská Bystrica in 1255. German settlers together with native inhabitants began to develop the mining of precious metals and also copper, by which whole Central Europe was apparently supplied.
The royal privilegies stimulated business and crafts. Succesful mine owners in the last half of the 13th century built the Romanian Church of the Virgin Mary. The town adopted a seal containing seven red and seven silver stripes which attached to the clock Tower overlooked the construction of many opulent mansions around what is now the SNP Square. From the year 1475 the history of the town was close connected to the Turzo’s family. He controlled almost all of the local copper mines and 20 years later the Turzo-Fogger Mining Society was formed. Today, there is the Central Slovak Museu housed in the Thurzo’s mansion.
The Turkish threat in the 16th century hastened fortification of the town incuding the bastions, which exist to this day. Of the best condition is the Butcher’s Bastion on the grounds of the Slovak National Uprising Museum. During the rebellions of the 17th century the town was plagued by robbery, fire, epidemics and political guarrets. In 1620 Gabriel Bethlen was crowned the King of Hungary in a house at number 6 Dolna Street. Today there is a State Gallery in this building.
The 18th century brought the progress specially in economic development. In Hamor there was the production of copper sheets and kettles. To the area of town’s castle belong the Church of Virgin Mary, The Church of Holy Cross, Matthias’ House, the townhall and the barbican.
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